Formal sources are subjected to rigorous assessment and correction before they are published. The author's or creator's qualifications are supplied, as well as references and citations. Formal sources are the most prevalent type of source found in academic library collections.
Academic sources, also known as scholarly sources, include books, academic journal articles, and published expert reports. Academic information is often peer-reviewed, which indicates that it has been checked for accuracy and quality by experts in the field before being published.
Academic sources are important because they offer evidence that supports a claim or argument. When using academic sources, it is important to note that not all articles in journals are equal. Some articles are more rigorous than others, so look at how an author responds to criticisms or changes someone else made to one of his or her own studies. You should also check for updates to an article; if an update is available, there is a good chance that it will change or even replace the original study.
Academic sources can be difficult to find because researchers do not usually publish only academic works. So also look for information in professional journals, online forums relating to your topic, and research papers written by authors you identify as experts. Be aware that not all publishers release studies conducted as part of clinical trials, so this type of academic source may not be available in some cases.
Academic sources should always be used together with other types of evidence, such as personal experiences and observations.
Scholarly sources—intended to be used in conjunction with in-depth study, they frequently contain specialist jargon and comprehensive references to sources. Popular sources—those written for a broad audience and designed to entertain, instruct, or convince. They may have fewer references.
Furthermore, scholarly sources are generally considered more reliable than popular sources because they require extensive research and writing to produce. Therefore, they tend to include more information that is useful when conducting further research.
Finally, although both scholarly and popular sources can be used to learn about subjects, only scholarly sources can be used to build knowledge and advance fields through original research.
In conclusion, scholarly sources are more detailed and difficult to read while popular sources are easier to read and less detailed.
Scholarly publications are often published by and for specialists in a certain topic or study, and they are frequently based on research. Professional or trade sources are published by and for professionals or practitioners in a certain subject or discipline, although they are not technically research oriented. They may provide information on research studies but are not designed to be primary sources.
In conclusion, scholarly sources are written by scholars for other scholars, while professional sources are written by professionals for others in their field. Scholarship involves searching for information and analyzing it carefully; professionals do this work for others. Thus, scholarly sources are usually more in-depth than professional ones.
Furthermore, professionals may use scholarly sources as a basis for their work. For example, an economist might refer to academic journals when writing about economic issues. Or, a scientist might refer to scientific papers when discussing her or his own research findings.
Finally, professionals may write their own opinions about subjects that interest them. These are known as personal sources. For example, a journalist might have an opinion about what policies will best help children in need, whether those policies should come from the government or the private sector, and so forth.
Such sources can be useful to know about when reading books or articles about various topics. It is important to understand that scholarly sources and professional sources offer different types of information, so it is important to read both.
Scholarly sources are published by academics and other specialists who provide fresh research findings, hypotheses, analyses, insights, news, or summaries of existing knowledge to contribute to knowledge in a certain topic. Primary or secondary research might be used as scholarly sources. Primary research is original work done by the scholar herself while secondary research uses works written by others as sources of information.
An academic source is considered reliable if it is one of the following:
1 A peer-reviewed article that has been reviewed by other scholars for accuracy and logic before publication. These articles are usually found in academic journals but can also be books. Scholarly articles that have not been peer reviewed may be useful in preparing your own work, but you should use caution when using them as the basis for another study or report.
2 An unpublished document (such as an internal university report) that shows an analysis of the issue based on first-hand information or data from specific cases. These documents are helpful in understanding how universities and colleges approach issues within their scope of interest or responsibility.
3 A website with clear instructions on how to cite its contents accurately. Such sources are easy to find via Google or other search engines and they are often listed in bibliographies or reference lists.
4 Anything else deemed reliable by the researcher.
A source is where you receive the information for your work. A written book, an online document, a speech, a quote, or even a television or radio show can all be considered sources. The finest sources are ones that allow your reader to go back and check the facts you used for themselves.
Sources include books, articles, websites, speeches, magazines, newspapers, audio recordings, videotapes, and courses. They can be within any field of study, including history, science, economics, politics, culture, and literature. Sources can also come from outside academia, such as letters, diaries, and interviews. In academic papers, sources are important because they help to ensure accuracy and credibility. Without checking their facts, writers risk being misled by false information.
Academic essays often have sources listed at the end of the paper. These could be books, journals, or websites. Sometimes the writer will also include references to other works that deal with the same topic, which are called secondary sources. Primary sources are those directly obtained from people or events that you are studying; e.g., letters, manuscripts, photographs, films, tapes, and documents created by participants in historical events.
In research papers, sources are important because they provide evidence for your ideas. Without proof, opinions are just that - just thoughts - without weight or value.
Sources of Information
The definition of a credible source varies by subject, but in general, for academic writing, a credible source is one that is neutral and supported by evidence. Always use and reference reputable sources while writing a research paper. These can be books, magazines, newspapers, or websites.
In journalism, a source is said to be credible if they are independent from the topic being reported on. This means that they cannot be influenced by any third party including the reporter's employer or anyone else. If a source appears to have an interest in how they are being reported upon, then this might indicate that they are not independent enough and should be treated with more caution.
For example, if a newspaper reports that "source close to the situation" says X, it is likely that someone at the newspaper believes what they are saying is true. However, if another newspaper reports similar information from a different source, this would be considered two different sources with two different views on X.
In conclusion, sources are credible when they are independent from the topic under consideration. This independence can be shown through physical distance (i.e., a news source is independent if it is not contained within the same building as your academic institution) as well as professional relationships (i.e., a news source is independent if they do not work for your academic institution).