A frame story (also known as a frame tale, frame narrative, etc.) is a literary style in which a main story is produced in part to organize a group of lesser tales, each of which is a story within a story, or to surround a single story inside a story. Answers.com is the source.
Frame narratives are often used to explain how things are done in an organization, what someone needs to do to get something done, or some other topic where multiple stories provide context for the main one. Frame narratives are especially common in novels and magazines but can also appear in films, television programs, and online articles.
In novels, a frame narrative is usually introduced at the beginning with a short paragraph explaining what it is and why it's being used. The rest of the story consists of interwoven tales that illustrate lessons learned through experience. Frame narratives are often attributed to Gabriel García Márquez but this is not strictly true. He was simply the first to use them effectively in English.
Márquez wrote two books about frame narratives: "The General in His Labyrinth" and "Leafing Through History". He explained that they were popular in Latin American literature because they allowed for great flexibility when telling stories about history or politics. This technique is useful when trying to make abstract concepts more understandable by relating them to people's lives today or historical events that everyone knows about.
A frame narrative is a companion text that is used to place the reader in the context of the events with a story inside a story; to introduce or emphasize a second narrative. A character or the storyteller can introduce this. In film and television, a frame narrative is any sequence of shots that forms a background to another scene or episode.
There are several benefits to using a frame narrative:
1 It gives the reader/viewer context. Without it, everything may seem random and disconnected.
2 It helps the reader understand what is going on in both narratives.
3 It can help focus attention on one aspect of the main story while distracting from others. For example, when telling a story about a battle, a frame narrative could be used to describe the general situation before and after the battle without getting into too much detail.
4 It can help set up future events in the main story. For example, if I were writing a story where the main plot point was a car accident, I might use a frame narrative to explain that someone had been killed in this accident and go over some basic information about how people deal with death. This would help set up the fact that there will be more deaths in the main story and give me context for why these particular events are important.
A narrative inside a story, within still another story, like in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, for example. The form, like Mary Shelley's, mimics in structure the story's thematic search for something deep, dark, and secret at the center of the narrative. Narratives within narratives are common in art as well as literature.
In film theory, the term "narrative frame" is used to describe the visual image or sequence of images that comprise a cinematic work. The word derives from the fact that such images often include or surround a central point of interest, which is framed by the boundary lines of the picture plane.
Narrative frames can be divided into three basic types: (1) introductory, (2) mid-story, and (3) concluding.
Introductionary frames set up the context for the story to follow and usually include information about the main characters and the setting of the plot. Mid-story frames typically show what happens to the characters between the introduction and conclusion of the tale. Finally, concluding frames bring everything together in a big wrap-up scene that answers all questions left open by the previous scenes or episodes.
The graphic design industry has also adopted this concept. They call it "a scene with a purpose".
In writing theory, the term "narrative frame" describes an important structural element in fiction writing.
Readers are led from the initial narrative into one or more other stories inside it by the framing story. The framing tale can also be utilized to educate readers on parts of the secondary narrative (s) that would otherwise be difficult to comprehend. This technique is especially effective when the audience includes people who might not otherwise understand what is going on in the main story.
The framing story can be used at any point in a novel, but it is most common at the beginning or end. It can also be inserted within the body of a chapter or scene if the author wants to highlight something important about the setting or characters while still allowing the main story to continue uninterrupted.
Frame stories are often included in novels written for an adult audience because they help to explain complex subjects or events that normal readers might not understand. For example, Henry James's famous novella The Turn of the Screw is based on true events that took place during the Christmas season in 1898. It tells the story of two servants and their master who live in a large house near London. One night, after hearing strange noises, the servants go upstairs to investigate and discover that the owner has been replaced by an evil ghost named "the Ghost". From then on, the ghosts attempt to lead the master to suicide, which he eventually does. This story could not be told in real life without making many things complicated and confusing.
The fundamental advantage of a frame narrative is that it allows you to tell a story (whether it's the entire book or separate stories scattered throughout) in the voice of a single character who exists beyond the story's limits. The character may be an individual person or even a group, but they are presented as having thoughts and feelings about what happens around them.
This character can think about things outside the immediate situation, such as past events or facts known only to the narrator. They can also consider possibilities for the future, imagining what might happen if certain events were to take place.
Furthermore, this character can feel emotions, such as joy, anger, fear, and sadness, and these emotions can influence what they do and how they act within the story world. For example, someone who is angry may have violent thoughts about destroying something valuable to them; someone who is afraid may run away from threatening situations.
At the end of each frame story is a summary scene where the main plot points of the story are revealed to the reader. This scene can be included for several reasons: to highlight important details in the narration; to explain things not clear from the previous scenes; to answer questions raised by the audience or characters within the story.