A header is a short statement that describes the next portion of your essay, report, or thesis. Headings are used to organize your argument and guide the reader through the document. By reading only the headers, the reader should be able to get a sense of what your work is about—your argument. Using appropriate language in your headings will help the reader understand your message.
There are three main types of headings: descriptive, procedural, and explanatory.
Descriptive headings give a general idea of the content within the body of the paper. These heads are also called topic sentences because they state the main idea of the paragraph or essay. Some examples of descriptive headings are "The problems with traditional economics," "The advantages of digital technology," and "The differences between city and country life."
Procedural headings guide the reader through an analysis process or step by step. These heads usually begin with the word "how" or "why." Examples include "How did the cost of wheat increase?," "Why did the boy go fishing?," and "How can computers store information? (How can we build a computer memory?)."
Explanatory headings provide answers to questions raised within the body of the paper.
A heading is a word, phrase, or sentence that appears at the beginning of a written paragraph and describes what it is about. A header and a title are extremely similar. You may include a headline on each page of your French club newsletter or each chapter of your novel. Headlines can also be used to highlight important points within a section of text.
Heading types include: abstract, analytic, analytical, explanatory, informative, introductory, key, marginal, narrative, objective, opinionated, personal, persuasive, predictive, retrospective, scholarly, topical, and warning.
Abstract: an abstract is a brief summary of the contents of a book or article. Abstracts are often included at the beginning of books and magazines. They provide a general overview of the content without getting into detail about any one particular subject. For example, an abstract for a book on France might state that it will discuss French history from the end of the Roman Empire until today.
Informative: something informative gives information that helps someone understand something or decide how to act. In books, headlines are usually informative. For example, "The American Medical Association recommends that all children receive a basic vaccine series." Informative headlines give readers knowledge they can use to make decisions about their own health.
Key: a key sentence or phrase acts as a guide to interpreting what follows.
Headings A title appearing at the top of a page or piece of text is referred to as a heading. It is frequently printed in huge, bold letters and informs the reader of the topic of that section. Headings are used extensively in books and magazines but also appear in newspapers and on web pages.
Heading levels The term "heading" is also used for major divisions in a book. There are three main types of headings: subheadings, subtitles and captions. Subheadings are secondary divisions within a chapter or section. They can be identified by smaller font size and/or lower-case lettering. Captions are brief descriptions placed under illustrations or photos. They usually include the author's name and date of publication along with an identification number for the image. Titles or subtitles are single lines indicating the subject of a passage or section. They may be printed in large, bold type or enclosed in quotation marks ("This is a subtitle").
Headings are brief phrases or words that appear at the top of a page. They inform the reader about the topic of the page, chapter, or piece of literature. Headings aid in the organization of information on a page. They are frequently in large or bold font to stand out from the rest of the text. Using appropriate headings will help readers find what they're looking for more easily as well as providing them with a guide for navigating through a book or article.
There are three main types of headings: section, subsection, and subsubsection. A section heading is used to divide an article or book into discrete sections. These can be topical divisions such as "History of Science," "Chemistry," and "Astronomy." Or they may be conceptual divisions such as "By Topic" and "In Brief." A subsection heading is a short line or few lines of text that identify a particular part of a section or chapter. These can be useful when there is much text in one section and you want to call attention to a particular point within it. For example, a publisher could use subsections to indicate where each chapter falls in a series while an author could use them for clarity's sake. Subsubsection headings are even shorter than subsections. They usually consist of just one sentence. These can be used to highlight a quote, list of terms, or any other piece of information relevant to the topic at hand.
A heading is similar to a caption in that it is a line below an image that quickly describes it. Headings help readers navigate through a document by giving them a brief overview of the content.
There are three main types of headings: subheadings, subsection headings, and subsubsection headings. Subheadings are further subdivided into levels. Thus, a section could have one main heading with several subheadings at different levels. Subsections and subsubsections work similarly but are used within subsections and/or sections, respectively. All major divisions of a book or article should have their own heading. In general, books have from two to six chapters. Each chapter should have its own unique heading. Some books have more than one author so each author would have their own separate heading. Articles have multiple sections which usually have their own unique heading. Each section should have a unique heading even if it relates to another section.
Headings are useful tools for identifying important topics and ideas in a piece of writing. Using appropriate terminology makes your essay or paper clearer for others to read. This will help them understand what you are trying to convey.
In academic essays, the main heading should be the topic statement.