Higher order issues need you to change and revise portions of your writing as well as focus on the arrangement of your thoughts. When you edit at the "big picture" level, you are looking at the most significant components of the writing jobs that take the most consideration. These may be the title or heading of a section, an entire paragraph, or even the whole page. You are making any necessary changes so that the work can effectively communicate its message.
The more substantial the job is that requires your attention, the more important it is for you to get it right the first time. Even if you decide to go back and make revisions later, starting with this initial draft is very important because it gives you the best chance of getting your idea across clearly and concisely.
Higher order editing is needed when you want to make sure that your writing is clear and concise so that your audience understands what you're trying to say. This type of editing involves looking at the big picture aspects of your work, such as the structure and content of your paper, article, or report. It also includes checking for errors in spelling, grammar, and punctuation. Finally, higher order editing looks at how your ideas are connected and makes certain that they aren't misunderstood.
The goal of higher order editing is to ensure that your writing is clear and concise so that your audience understands what you're trying to say.
Revising is going over your initial draft, analyzing and evaluating it for yourself, and then rewriting it by writing a series of following versions, or drafts, to come closer to what you want to convey. Revising include adding, cutting, and shifting information, followed by editing and proofreading.
The first draft of a paper is the most important draft. You should not move forward until you have completed it. This is the version that will be read by others, so make sure that it is as clear and concise as possible.
After you have finished writing your first draft, you need to step back from the paper, take a break, and come back to it later. Don't worry about the formatting or language used in the paper yet; just focus on what you have written so far. When you return to the paper later, you will be able to see any problems or issues with the writing style or structure before you start fixing them.
Repeat this process of drafting, revising, and re-editing until you are satisfied with the final product.
Sometimes students think that once they have finished writing their paper, the job is done. However, drafting and revising your paper many times over can help you improve what you have written, so don't stop until you are happy with the result.
Revision frequently entails adding, removing, shifting, or rearranging material to make concepts clearer, more accurate, entertaining, or compelling. You take another look at your thoughts...
Revising allows you to preview your work on behalf of the intended reader. Revision is much more than proofreading, but it does include some detail checking in the final editing step. A good revision and editing process may turn a bad first draft into an outstanding final paper.
The purpose of writing revisions is to identify errors in reasoning as well as in spelling and grammar. If an error is found after you have completed your manuscript, you should either edit it out or explain it away in a revision. Avoid making major changes without first showing your work to someone who will give you feedback; this person can be another writer or teacher for your own work, or else an online community such as Wordpress.com/Stumbleupon/Tumblr.
Some writers find it helpful to write several drafts of their work before finally submitting it. This way they can make sure that they have covered all relevant topics and that their writing style is consistent throughout the piece.
If you decide to change something in your paper after you have submitted it, you should do both types of revisions: formal and informal. For example, if you realize that one of your arguments isn't very strong, you should not only outline the new argument but also add some supporting examples from other places in the paper. Doing so will help you maintain consistency and clarity throughout your paper.