A "literary text" is a work of writing, such as a book or poetry, that is intended to convey a tale or entertain, such as a fictitious novel. Although its primary role as a literature is generally aesthetic, it may also convey political statements or ideas.
Books and poems are two common forms of literary texts. A book is a collection of writings, usually printed in separate pages, designed to be read from start to finish. This collection may include illustrations and even audio recordings. A poem is a piece of written art composed in metered verse, typically describing an event or person, and often having a mood or tone. Poems can be short (three lines) or long (ten or more).
Literary texts can also be television programs, movies, or songs. These forms of media are called "dramas" or "plays". A drama is a narrative with a beginning, middle, and end which involves characters who change over time.
In addition to these three types of literary texts, some scholars divide novels into "realistic" and "idealistic" categories. Realistic novels tend to show the negative effects of good intentions gone bad, while idealistic novels present people who struggle with evil deeds but who also have good qualities they try to keep hidden.
Finally, some novels are considered allegories.
In literary theory, a text is any item that can be "read," whether it be a piece of literature, a street sign, a building layout on a city block, or clothing fashions. It is a logical sequence of signals that conveys some type of information. Texts are produced by human authors using certain conventions for language and format. Thus, texts contain both linguistic and non-linguistic elements.
Books are collections of texts. A book may consist of one text or several intertwined texts. For example, a novel is a long text that usually tells a story through dialogue and narrated monologue. Non-fiction books include manuals and guides, which often explain how to do something skills-based. These types of books have an explicit goal or purpose that readers can understand from the beginning. Literary books such as poems and stories tend to focus more deeply on exploring ideas and emotions than does non-fiction.
Texts can be divided into two general categories: public and private. Public texts are those that can be read by anyone without permission from the author or publisher. Private texts require authorization from the owner to read them. Examples of public texts include newspapers and magazines, which are written for a wide audience. An author's personal emails to friends, family members, or colleagues are also public texts because they cannot be denied access to these messages. Private texts include letters, notes, and memos that might only be read by their owners.
The majority of written works fit within a restricted range of text theory's kinds. A poem is a text organized into lines of verse (or prose if not divided into lines) with strict metrical and rhyming rules governing each line. A story is an account structured around a series of events that occur one after another. A novel is a story told over several pages or chapters. Non-fiction works deal with facts or information and include articles, books reviews, and manuals. Scripts are texts that are used as sources of information or inspiration for others to act out.
Texts can be large or small, recent or ancient. Some texts are only words while others are films, songs, or paintings. Texts can be formal or informal, written or spoken. Formal texts are those that follow certain rules of composition such as standard writing style, grammar, and punctuation. Informal texts are those that do not follow these rules so they can be the speech of someone who is not trained to write well, poems written by children, or letters from friends.
Texts can be ancient or modern. An ancient text is one that has been lost or found and then later restored through copying.
A literary work is a type of literary work that uses words as raw material to construct an image, a concept, or a tale in a meaningful pattern. There are two kinds of literary work: creative writing and literary analysis. With creative writing, the author creates both the plot and the characters involved.
With literary analysis, scholars study works of literature looking for patterns in how authors use language and themes. The results of these studies are often presented in articles that help others understand what the author was thinking when they wrote their work.
Some other terms used to describe literary works include: book, volume, publication, narrative, essay, and poem.
Books can be divided into three main categories based on their content: fiction, non-fiction, and poetry. Fiction books include novels, short story collections, and movies. Non-fiction books include history, biography, journalism, and philosophy. Poetry books include collections of poems.
To call a work of literature "a book" is a very general statement that could apply to anything that has words on paper. A novel is a long fictional work that usually has several chapters and may have a central character. A short story is similar to a novella but usually has only one chapter. An essay is a piece written for publication containing thoughts on a topic covered by many sections.
Literary writing is described as the creation of new creative works, such as poetry or novels, as well as creative work collections or volumes. Novel writing is a form of literary writing. The term can also be applied to non-fiction writings intended to inform or entertain readers.
Literary works are considered important and influential because of their ability to convey ideas and information through language. Many famous books have been written over time even though some might consider them as "non-fiction." For example, Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species is often called the first true modern novel because it uses an innovative storytelling technique to describe evolutionary change and provide evidence for its theory.
The term "literary" is used in contrast to "scientific" literature. Literary works include novels, poems, short stories, and essays. Scientific literature includes studies, reviews, and other materials prepared by scientists for scientific meetings or publications.
In academia, scholars publish their research findings in articles or books as a way to communicate knowledge and advance their fields of study.
In business, executives and employees use reports, presentations, and other forms of communication to share information about companies and their services. These types of documents are considered literary works.