Concerning Metonymy Metonymy occurs when a poet refers to something by one of its traits rather than its name, such as referring to a country's "strength" rather than its "armies." It varies from synecdoche in that the attributes are abstract rather than physical. For example, if I refer to America's "image of power" then this is Metonymy since I am not referring to an actual image but instead using America as a proxy for other countries.
Synecdoche also uses characteristics as a substitute for what is actually required but has different implications depending on whether it is used by a man or woman. If I say "a bear's claws can be used as a table leg" then this is Synecdoche since a bear's claws are not actually needed to make a table leg. However, if I say "the president bears responsibility for everything that happens during his term in office" then this is Hyperbole since he cannot be held responsible for everything that happens during his term in office. Similarly, if a woman uses Synecdoche she is being ironic since bearing children is not actually necessary for having babies.
Metonymy and Synecdoche are two types of metaphor used by poets. In general, metaphors are words or phrases that have no real meaning on their own but instead compare them to some other concept or thing and thereby give insight into how we think and feel about certain topics.
A synecdoche is a literary device in which a whole is referred to as one of its pieces. For example, someone may refer to her automobile as her "wheels," while a teacher may instruct his students to keep their gaze fixed on him as he explains anything. This type of image is used many times by poets to help readers understand complex ideas easily.
In poetry, synecdoches are often used to indicate the part of the whole that is being discussed or presented. For example, a poet could write about a battle scene including all its details, but choose instead to focus on a single soldier's experience by mentioning only his helmet or sword. The reader understands that this individual is representative of all others involved in the battle.
Another example would be if I were to write a poem where I talked about my love for my country, it would not be appropriate to mention America or the United States government in general. Instead, I might choose to focus on the fact that we live in a house built out of concrete and steel, therefore I can think of no better word than "dwelling" to describe what we're doing when we build structures like these.
This device was very popular with ancient Greek poets who would sometimes use it to great effect.
In a poem, how can figurative language and key concepts reflect identity? A poet might employ figurative language and primary concepts to help readers visualize and relate to sentiments expressed regarding identity. A word's literal or dictionary meaning or dictionary definition is not the only way that it can be used metaphorically. The same word may have different meanings depending on its context within a poem.
Literal language includes words that have a single, plain-meaning definition. However, many words have more than one meaning. These are called polysemous words. The classic example of a polysemous word is love. It can mean affection between people or passion for something exciting or dangerous. Polysemy is also a feature of dictionaries because many words have multiple meanings that differ according to their use within a sentence or text. For example, police officers work with love and anger toward criminals; lawyers fight for love and honor when trying cases at court.
Figurative language uses words that have two or more unrelated meanings to create metaphors and other figures of speech. Figurative language can give an idea a new shape or form, helping it to be understood differently from its literal meaning. For example, someone who is honest will usually get good results; someone who is evil will usually get bad results.