A problem is included in narratives. Someone (or something) desires or requires something, yet an impediment prevents it from happening. This want or need is the source of the problem or conflict.
Narrative problems can be divided into two basic types: logical and emotional. A logical problem arises when there is a discrepancy between the means by which a story's characters attempt to achieve their goals and the rules governing these attempts. For example, if a character tries to kill his enemy with a knife but the story tells us that he is not a murderer, then we have a logical problem. An emotional problem occurs when there is a contradiction between what someone wants or needs and how they are treated by other characters. For example, if someone is loving toward one character and hateful toward another, then we have an emotional problem. Narratives always contain some type of problem because stories are based on real life; therefore, narratives cannot be completely straightforward or uneventful.
Logical problems can be further subdivided into two more specific types: formal and substantive. A formal problem exists when the means by which a story's characters try to solve their problem differ from the rules that govern these attempts in general. For example, if a character tries to kill his enemy with a knife when guns are the normal way to deal with violence, then we have a formal problem.
Conflict is the struggle that the main characters must overcome in order to attain their aims in narrative works. Conflict has traditionally been a key literary element of narrative or dramatic structure that generates problems in a story by introducing ambiguity about whether the objective will be attained. Modern writers may use other elements in place of conflict, such as tension, uncertainty, and paradox, but it remains central to creating interest in a story.
Narrative conflict can be internal or external. Internal conflict occurs when two characters with opposing goals fight for control of the story. External conflict involves factors beyond the control of the characters, such as obstacles outside their world, that hinder them from reaching their goal.
Narrative conflict is not to be confused with argumentation, which is the competition between different ideas or opinions presented in a piece of writing. Conflict is inherent in all human endeavors, while argumentation is used by humans to resolve conflict. Narrative conflict creates tension in a story, whereas argumentation resolves this tension by choosing one idea over another.
There are three traditional types of narrative conflict: moral, psychological, and physical. These categories are not rigidly defined, and many stories contain instances of more than one type of conflict. For example, some stories feature both physical and mental conflicts.
Moral conflict arises from the character's desire to do something they know will be wrong yet still pursue it.
In a tale, a problem is a conflict that affects the characters or produces major disasters that are generally resolved at the conclusion. The term "problem story" is often used to describe a narrative with a strong plotline and character development, but which lacks resolution, either explicitly or implicitly.
Conflict is the core of any good story. It can be external or internal, but it must be present in some form for your story to be considered complete. There should be a struggle between opposing forces within the context of a defined setting and timeline. These forces may be individuals (such as two people fighting over one woman's affections) or groups (such as a nation vs. an army).
The most common type of conflict in fiction is opposition between characters. This can be explicit (two heroes facing off against each other in a battle royale) or implicit (one character wants something another character does not want them to have). In both cases, there must be a reason for this conflict to exist; otherwise, it would be pointless for the story to be told.
Another common type of conflict in fiction is physical danger. This could be real danger such as someone shooting at you with an arrow, or fantasy danger such as when a villain plots to kill you with magic.