A narrative poem is a type of lengthier poetry that recounts a whole tale with a beginning, middle, and finish. Narrative poems have all of the components of a fully developed tale, such as characters, plot, conflict, and conclusion. These tales are usually told in rhyme or meter but may also be sung or played on instruments. Narrative poems include works by Homer, Virgil, Dante, Milton, Blake, and Dickinson.
In addition to telling stories, poets use imagery and language to express ideas. Poets use metaphor to compare two things that are different but related (for example, "snow is white" and "snow is silent"). They also use simile to compare one thing with another thing that is similar (for for example, "the poet's heart was like a frozen pond" and "the poet's heart was like a blackbird's nest in winter"). A poet may also use personification to give human qualities to non-human objects (for example, "Rome was not built in a day"), or zeugma to combine two different types of syntax within a single sentence (for example, "The lion roars but does not bite".) A poet may even create wordplay by using synonyms or antonyms to produce unexpected meanings (for example, "grin/noggin - your guess is as good as mine").
Narrative poetry uses verse to narrate tales. A narrative poetry, like a novel or a short tale, contains a plot, characters, and place. Narrative poetry recounts a succession of events, sometimes incorporating action and conversation, using a variety of poetic methods such as rhyme and meter. Many poems are considered narrative because they tell a story using words instead of pictures; for example, epics, novels, and short stories all fit this definition.
Some examples of narrative poetry include: Homer's Iliad and Odyssey; The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer; Gilgamesh; The Epic of Emaüsse by Anouar Guellati; and The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe.
These are only some of the many kinds of poetry that use narration to tell a story. There are also ballads, songs, chants, and dances that can be used as forms of literature that feature a story-line. These types of poems are often referred to as lyrical or dramatic poetry.
Lyrical poems express ideas through imagery and metaphor without following a strict pattern of sound (syntax). This type of poem is commonly thought to be the most difficult for beginners to write well because there is no clear structure or order to follow. However, even though lyrical poems don't follow a strict pattern of sound, they always contain certain elements: imagination, emotion, expression, explanation, anticipation, realization.
The genre originated in ancient Greece but has origins in many cultures across the world.
Poetry is known by many names including lyrical poetry, dramatic poetry, romantic poetry, and so on. All poetry tells a story, whether it is a simple poem about a beautiful sunset or a complex work that describes a battle scene or a tragedy. Poets use different tools to achieve these effects including metaphor, allusion, and imagery. Music plays an important role in some genres of poetry such as opera. In other cases, music is used as accompaniment for reading the text.
Narrative poems can be divided into two broad categories: free-standing narratives and sequence poems. Free-standing narratives are composed of several stanzas or parts which do not refer to one another. Sequence poems are composed of three or more related stanzas or parts that form a coherent whole. For example, "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner" by Samuel Taylor Coleridge is a sequence poem because each line of the poem relates back to the previous line explaining what happened before they sailed away on their mission.
Narrative poetry is a type of poetry that recounts a tale through the voices of a narrator and characters; the entire story is often written in metered verse. Rhyme is unnecessary in narrative poems. A narrative poem may be about anything, including love, nature, science, history, or social issues. The genre originated in Italy in the 13th century and was popularized in England in the 15th century. Modern examples include John Dryden's India Song and William Cowper's The Castaway.
Narrative poems are different from dramatic poems which recount a story with dialogue and action between characters. Narrative poems are also different from sonnets which are composed of fourteen lines with rhyme scheme ABAB CDCD EFEF GGHH IIII JJJ. Finally, narrative poems are not the same as epic poems which cover large scales and go over long periods of time. Epic poems such as The Iliad and The Odyssey are formal compositions written in strict meter while narrative poems are free-form poems that follow a plot.
Many great poets have been narrative poets including Horace, Byron, Shelley, Keats, and Dickinson. Even Shakespeare wrote several narratives including The Taming of the Shrew and Romeo and Juliet.
It is a tale poem; its structure is similar to a story plot line [i.e., the introduction of conflict and characters, escalating action, climax, and conclusion]. It conveys an idea or message through imagery and language that moves the reader emotionally and makes him/her think.
Poems can tell a story in a few lines or over several pages. A story poem is one that uses images and language to create a mood rather than simply report facts about nature, people, and events. For example, "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner" by Samuel Taylor Coleridge uses language to create a mood rather than simply report facts about nature, people, and events. Thus, it is a story poem.
A story poem can be written in any style, but some are told in ballads, music lyrics, epics, etc. Their purpose is to appeal to the emotions of their readers/listeners. Often, story poems are used as introductions to books or periods in history because they help readers understand the context of what will follow.
Some examples of story poems include "The Raven" by Edgar Allan Poe, "Gardenia" by Sylvia Plath, and "Fires Were Started" by John Keats.
A ballad, such as the Ballad of the Harp Weaver, is another type of narrative poetry. Ballad poems have a song-like aspect to them and may easily be sung to a melody in addition to presenting a tale and having characters. A rhyme system or a chorus is also popular. The term "ballad" comes from the Old English word baled, meaning cheerful, merry.
Narrative poems are written about real people, events, and things. They tell a story through images and words that appeal to the mind and touch the heart. Narrative poems are often simple and direct, using few words but showing many things. Poems that use more language but make the message clearer are called eloquent poems. Poets who write narrative poems include Chaucer, Drayton, Donne, Herbert, Marvell, Milton, Pope, Shelley, Spenser, and Wyatt.
Do you want to know how to write a narrative poem? Start with an idea! You can write a narrative poem about anything that has an author-specified order of events and something that happens to someone or something. For example: A poem could be written about a girl who leaves her home town for college, studies hard to win money for tuition fees, and after graduation finds work in a big city. The poem could name the characters (the girl living in New York City) and describe what happens to them (the girl gets a job, saves some money, etc.).