A scoop or exclusive in journalism is a piece of news that is reported by one journalist or news organization before others and is of remarkable originality, significance, surprise, excitement, or secrecy. Scoops are essential and are likely to pique the interest or concern of many people. They can be classified as domestic or foreign.
Scoops can also be called "breaking news". However, this term is usually used when there is no specific date for the news report. When there is a date attached to the story, it is called a "by-line scoop". A by-line scoop is worth more money because it increases the likelihood of other publications running stories on the same topic.
In today's world of 24-hour news cycles, it is difficult for any story to get the attention of readers for long. Therefore, newspapers and magazines need new ways to attract readers' interest and make their articles stand out from the crowd. One way they do this is by reporting some news stories as scoops.
A scoop can be defined as a news story that is unusual because: 1 it is surprising and 2 it has not been published elsewhere yet. These two factors combine to make sure that the story will attract attention from readers.
It is very important for journalists to report scoops because they help gain recognition for their papers/magazines.
Journalistic writing is a writing style that is used to report news items in a range of media types. Short, uncomplicated words and paragraphs that provide objective narrative based on facts are obvious elements of the style. Journalists use quotations to provide credence to their stories.
The most significant information is presented first in a news story, and each paragraph provides less and fewer details. This writing style is known as "The Inverted Pyramid." It refers to the "front loading" of a news report item so that the most significant information is shown to the reader first, or on top.
At the start of a piece, news writers seek to answer all of the essential questions regarding a particular event—who, what, when, where, and why (the Five Ws) and, in many cases, how. The similar word "journalese" is occasionally used to refer to news-style writing, generally in a derogatory manner.
The first thing you need to know about news writing is that there are two types: narrative and explanatory. Narrative journalism tends to use longer sentences and more detail than explanatory journalism. Explanatory journalism is shorter and usually explains how something works or why it matters.
Narrative journalists often begin their stories with a question ("How did Donald Trump become president?"), which can be answered by following the story through various events leading up to the election. They may also include additional information not essential for explaining the topic at hand ("In addition to being a real estate developer, Trump has been involved in other business ventures including hosting television shows").
Explanatory journalists often begin their stories with the phrase "In order to explain..." followed by a brief explanation of the subject. They may also include links to relevant background information ("In order to understand why Trump has been accused of sexual harassment, we need to look at some recent cases").
Both types of articles share common elements including a lead sentence that states the topic clearly and gets to the heart of the story quickly, and a conclusion that leaves readers with an understanding of the topic.
Conventions for Print Journalism Print journalism news writing adheres to a strict style. A lede (also known as a lead) is an introductory line in a news report that simply conveys the subject and action of the narrative and entices the audience to read the story. The lead should be written with clarity and simplicity so that it can be understood by anyone reading it. The lead should also include all the essential information needed to understand what happened in the story. A reporter will often use figures of speech, such as comparisons and metaphors, to make interesting or important facts more accessible to readers. For example, a reporter might compare the accused criminal to a wild animal to create interest in the story.
The body of the article provides the details about how and why something occurred. It answers questions such as "Why did she write this letter?" and "How does it affect me?" From these basic elements, a story can be expanded into any length. Some stories are so important that they require multiple articles. An editor may ask you to write an article for the web or print based on its content alone; therefore, news writing allows for flexibility in storytelling.
Print journalists usually write faster than their online counterparts because they have the luxury of being able to expand on their ideas. They can give their sources multiple opportunities to comment on the story before publishing anything from them. This is not possible for online journalists who are only allowed a single post on their websites.