Scratch, chirography, scribbling, cacography, stenography, scrawl, penmanship, running hand, tachygraphy, shorthand, cursive, cursive script, calligraphy are all examples of longhand. Long-hand is the general term for written language, as opposed to short-hand.
In linguistics, phonetic writing systems rely on specific elements called graphemes which represent sound. These elements may be individual characters (such as letters of the alphabet) or small groups of characters (such as syllables or phonemes). Each word or phrase is represented by a sequence of such elements. Through conventionalization and other factors, words can be transformed into each other by changing only certain properties of these elements without changing their underlying structure. For example, the written form of "man" and "woman" are the same character (""), while the written forms of "men" and "female animals" would require different characters because they have different structures. Language evolution has resulted in many complex languages having no written form at all or having a very restricted one; these include Arabic and Chinese.
In computing, handwriting recognition is the process of converting handwritten text into computer-readable form. This is commonly done with a technique called optical character recognition (OCR). Handwriting recognition is useful for entering large amounts of data quickly and accurately without using the keyboard.
Penmanship, hand, scrawl, style of penmanship, longhand, calligraphy, scribbling, manuscript, autography, cursive, and script are some of the 41 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic phrases, and related terms for handwriting that can be found on this page.
Handwriting requires numerous skills, including vision, eye-hand coordination, muscle memory, posture, body control, pencil grab, and letter production. The pre-writing skills help develop these abilities required for handwriting.
The five pre-writing skills are visual perception, spatial awareness, motor planning, hand-eye coordination, and practice making letters and words.
1. Visual Perception: Handwriting relies heavily on your vision. You need to be able to see what you're writing to edit errors before they happen. This skill needs to be developed through good nutrition (more about this topic later) and adequate sleep hours (more about this topic as well).
2. Spatial Awareness: Being able to visualize where objects are located in relation to one another is essential for successful handwriting. Using the floor plan as an example, you would need to be able to visualize where different rooms are in relation to one another so you can write properly guided by what you see on paper. This skill can be developed through play with toys that have various shapes and sizes or by learning how to use maps and globes.
3. Motor Planning: Before you can write anything, you first need to plan out how it's going to look.
Penmanship is the art, skill, or style of writing. Curive script refers to handwriting in which consecutive letters are connected. Manuscript style or printing refers to handwriting in which the letters are separated (as in block letters). Palmer script is an obsolete cursive style used for lettering text on manuscripts.
Regular handwriting is simply written English without any special symbols other than those used to show possession (such as's' for singular and 'es' for plural) or emphasis (such as '*' for hidden characters). Regular handwriting includes ordinary handwritings such as that of a child learning to write or a sick person unable to use a computer keyboard, as well as those produced by typewriters and some word processors. It also includes handwritten documents produced using digital technology if they are intended to be read by humans (as opposed to computers). Digital handwriting technologies include digitizing tablets, touch screens, and styluses. They can also include programs such as Microsoft Paint that allow you to write words and drawings on your computer's screen.
In general, regular handwriting is considered to be either informal or formal depending on the context and intention of the writer. In an official document, such as an essay, it is appropriate to use formal writing techniques, including capitalization, punctuation, and correct spelling.
Calligraphy based on medieval manuscript handwriting 2: writing that is commonly taught in primary school and consists of unjoined letters produced with lines and circles. The term can also be applied to cursive writing used in modern times instead.
Manuscript handwriting is the typical way that people wrote before the printing press, when only a few copies were needed for distribution. As the name suggests, it was originally done on parchment or vellum using a quill pen. It is still used today by some artists and photographers.
Books from the 14th century onward are all written in fair handwriting, which means that it's easy to read but not completely smooth like today's printed books. Before this time, only religious texts and important documents were written in fair hand because only rich people could afford paper at that time.
Nowadays, handwritten notes are popular again as they make an informal communication more personal.
The first textbooks to be published in Europe were written by humanists who wanted to share their knowledge with others. They used a calligraphic style of writing that was new at the time because earlier lessons had been handed down orally. This form of teaching was later called "mantua scripting" after the city of Mantua in Italy where many such books were printed.