A subject sentence should highlight the primary concept of a paragraph, letting the reader know what to expect from the paragraph. The topic sentence must convey a concept that will unite the rest of the paragraph while also tying it back to the paper's primary point. A good topic sentence should be short and sweet while still getting its message across.
There are two main types of sentences: subject and object. In general, subject sentences describe or explain something in the story; object sentences serve a similar function when inserted into quotations. Both types of sentences can be either affirmative or negative. For example, "Reading is good for you" is an affirmative statement that subjects readers to learn more about them through books. "Reading is bad for you" is a negative statement that expresses a contrary opinion about readers.
In academic writing, especially in essays, topics often have the ability to unify otherwise separate ideas. This is called the essay's "thread." The thread gives direction to the essay by connecting its various points together. The topic sentence is one way to show the reader this thread and help them understand the connection between ideas within the essay. For example, in an essay on reading habits, the topic sentence could be "Reading fiction helps people understand themselves and their world better than any other type of literature." Without this thread, the essay would be full of unrelated ideas.
The subject sentence should indicate the paragraph's major concept and point. Read the paragraph and consider its core concept and point before selecting a suitable topic sentence. The paragraph's supporting information (sentences other than the core sentence) will build or clarify the theme phrase. Select a sentence that expresses this information clearly and concisely.
For example, if the paragraph's core concept is "children's books" and its point is "book publishers invest money in creating successful children's books," then the topic sentence could be "Children's books are just another way for book publishers to make money." Although this sentence does not contain the word "children" or "books" separately, it does express both ideas effectively and concisely. It makes the theme clear and doesn't repeat information in the surrounding sentences.
A good topic sentence should: summarize the content of the paragraph; express one main idea; be informative rather than judgmental; be short but accurate.
In addition to being clear and concise, a good topic sentence should also be appropriate. For example, if the topic sentence were "Children's books are popular because they make money," it would be an inappropriate topic sentence because it expresses an opinion about what makes for a successful children's book. An opinion essay would be better suited to discuss whether or not you agree with this statement or think it is true or false.
Topic sentences serve to concentrate your writing and direct the reader through your argument. Each paragraph in an essay or report should concentrate on a single theme. By stating the key concept in the subject sentence, you help both yourself and your reader understand what the paragraph is about. The other sentences then support or contrast this main idea.
Using proper structure, effective language, and interesting content, you can make any essay or paper highly readable. This helps to ensure that your readers will want to read all of it, which is always good for getting better marks.
The need for topic sentences is twofold: first, they guide the reader through the text; second, they allow you to focus on one particular idea within the whole piece.
In general, each sentence of a paragraph should relate directly to the previous one and be significant as well as clear. Avoid using long sentences if you can use short ones instead. This will help keep your readers interested and avoid making them feel like reading your essay is a difficult task!
Here are some examples of good and bad essay topics: "Good" topics give us information we can use in writing essays. They help us organize our thoughts and express them clearly. "Bad" topics only provide vague ideas for essays. They don't let us develop much insight into their subjects.
Every paragraph should have a subject sentence that indicates the paragraph's major point. A topic phrase also expresses the writer's view regarding the issue. The subject sentence is usually found at the beginning of the paragraph. It can be a single word or a multi-word phrase. Examples of topic sentences include "The city council voted to rename Broadway after Martin Luther King Jr." and "Scientists say people are running out of time to save the planet." Without a topic sentence, readers would not know where to begin reading the paragraph.
Often times in academic writing, especially when an author is trying to make a point about the organization of elements in paragraphs, they will use a topic sentence as their main example. For example, an author might write, "In conclusion, trends show that children are spending less time reading books than ever before, which means they are losing out on much needed knowledge and skills. Schools should therefore invest in more book clubs and other activities designed to encourage reading." In this case, the topic sentence is "Trends show that children are spending less time reading books than ever before," which makes the major point about how serious we are about literacy in our country.
It is acceptable to use a topic sentence as your first sentence of a paragraph, but it must be followed by content relevant to that topic sentence.