Enjambment encourages the reader to continue reading from one line to the next because, most of the time, an enjambed line of poetry will not make complete sense until the reader finishes the phrase or sentence on the following line or lines. By doing this, the poet allows the reader to experience the poem as a whole, rather than focusing only on the first line.
Also, because enjambment is used by many great poets, it does not necessarily make a poem "free-verse." Many traditional poems include enjambments, but still use rhyme and meter to help organize their thoughts.
Finally, enjambment can be used as a tool for creativity. If someone wants to write a poem that flows perfectly from one line to the next, they should do so. However, if they want to use different words in each line, create a sense of urgency by ending some lines with dashes, or imagine what would happen if each word lasted all through the line instead of stopping at the end, then enjambment provides them with many options for expression.
In conclusion, the effect of enjambment in a free verse poem is to encourage the reader to keep reading because parts of the line or phrase cannot be understood until later in the poem.
Enjambment is the continuing of a sentence from one line of a poem to the next, without any specified stop, regardless of the break in the line, and can even span numerous lines or stanzas. This can be achieved by varying the length of words, using synonyms, or inserting punctuation such as commas or periods.
Enjambment is important in free verse because it gives the reader/listener more freedom in how they interpret the poem. Without enjambment, the poet would have to start every line with a complete thought which can often be difficult to do convincingly.
Some free verse poems may not appear to end until the reader/hearer reaches the last line or feels that there is more information to be gained. These poems are called enjambed poems.
In classical poetry, enjambment was common in epic and lyrical poetry but not considered correct for dramatic poetry. Today, enjambment is widely used by poets of all styles and techniques.
It can be used to great effect within a rigid formal structure. For example, Charles Olson uses enjambment frequently within his "maximalist" poems to create an overwhelming experience for the reader/listener.
It can also be utilized to keep a greater beat than constant end-stopping. A poet can easily draw the reader along from one line to the next by employing enjambment and establishing a quick rhythm or tempo for a poem. This can be done without boring the reader with too much description or exposition.
Enjambment is also useful when trying to express emotion. By using different kinds of enjambments, such as full stops and commas, poets are able to change the tone of their poems significantly. For example, a poet could use strong punctuation at the end of a sentence to create a dramatic effect.
Finally, enjambment can help poets avoid rhyming or alliterating words that may not necessarily go together. For example, a poet might choose to have a word like "mountain" followed by a word like "valley" instead of "mountain" and "maiden" because doing so would allow them to use different types of enjambments while still keeping the overall theme of the poem consistent.
That's true, enjambment is when you run your thought from one line to the next (or many others). So, why would one be preferred over the other? The way you utilize end-stops and enjambment, for example, might alter how quickly readers travel through your poetry. End-stopping slows the speed, but enjambing quickens it.
End-stopping is when you stop the flow of the poem with a period or comma. Enjambment is when you start the next sentence without a punctuation mark. Many poets prefer one over the other, but it's important to understand that they can be used together to create effect. For example, if I were to write a poem where I ended every line with a period, the rhythm of the poem would be broken up very much like an enjambed poem. This could not only slow the pace at which readers read the poem, but also tell them something is wrong or confusing within the text.
Another reason some poets may choose enjambment over end-stopping is because they want the reader to know something is missing after each line. If a poem has an overall theme or message, then often the last line will repeat part of the idea from the first line. For example, if my poem focused on love, the last line might repeat part of the first line ("Love is beautiful"). Using enjambment here would help the reader understand this is not an ordinary poem, but rather one with a special meaning.