An inferred thesis is one that is not explicitly expressed but rather indicated by the writer's ideas and supporting points. Nonetheless, it should be clear to the reader. For example, when discussing the causes of World War I, many authors include America's role in the conflict as a cause. However, they would not state this explicitly; instead, it is suggested by the author's ideas on other topics related to WWI.
Implied thesis statements are useful for writers who do not have time or do not want to spend time writing long sentences with complex structures. The use of implied sentences allows them to get their point across while still being concise. Additionally, writers can add detail to implied sentences to expand on ideas without appearing rude or careless. For example, if someone was talking about the dangers of alcohol and used the sentence "Drinking alcohol is dangerous," the reader would not be given much information. However, if that same person then added that drinking too much can lead to death, they have informed the reader of the topic's importance while also keeping their sentence simple.
Implied sentences are commonly used in essays because they can give readers a quick overview of the essay's main idea while still providing enough information.
For example, Africa is now dealing with a variety of critical issues that demand attention. Thus, the writing of an inferred thesis can be used to indicate that something important is happening or needs to happen in order for things to change for the better.
Africa is now dealing with a variety of critical issues that demand attention.
In academic writing, the use of the inferred thesis is very common in essays because it allows the writer to avoid stating outright what he or she believes or thinks the topic or subject matter of the essay to be. Instead, the writer can leave this part of the essay up to the readers' imagination. This helps prevent the essay from becoming biased toward the opinion of the writer himself or herself.
As well as being useful in essays, the writing of an inferred thesis can also be seen in reports and other academic writings where it is used instead of the plain old statement thesis (i.e., "This report will discuss how technology has affected society"). The inferred thesis would then be "Technology has affected society in such a way that..."
The distinction is that the assertion occurs in the introduction as a declared thesis. It must captivate the reader, establish the tone, give background information, and deliver the essay's point. In contrast, an implicit thesis statement does not exist in the essay at all. The author assumes it to be true and uses it to structure his or argument.
An explicit thesis statement appears in the introductory paragraph of an essay. This paragraph should contain both a statement of the topic and the thesis itself. An example would be: "In order for students to understand how literature reflects society, we need to examine how various authors have interpreted the American Dream." Here, the topic is clearly defined ("In order for students to understand how literature reflects society,") and the main idea is conveyed through the use of a colon followed by a concise sentence ("We need to examine how various authors have interpreted the American Dream").
Implicit thesis statements are much harder to identify. They are simply assumed to be true by the writer and used as a tool to organize his or her ideas instead of stating them directly. For example, when discussing different types of writers in an essay, an author could say something like "All good writers are imaginative" without explicitly stating that imagination is needed for writing. He or she is instead using this assumption to explain why certain people are considered writers.