Blank verse is poetry composed in iambic pentameter with regular metrical but unrhymed lines. Arden of Faversham, a drama composed in 1590 by an unknown author, is a famous example of end-stopped blank verse. The term "blank" means "empty"; thus, blank verse is poetry without any formal rhyme or meter.
Regular meter is a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables that repeats throughout the poem. Most commonly, this pattern consists of an alternation of two types of units: weak endings and strong beginnings. A weak ending is one that does not change the meaning of the word; examples include -ly, -ing, and -ed. A strong beginning is one that changes the meaning of the word; examples include first, best, and worst. Strong/weak pairs appear at the ends of lines, between words within lines, and at the beginnings of lines.
Iambic pentameter is a type of regular meter used in English poetry. It is named after the five pairs of syllables it contains: "iamb" (–BA –DA), which means "one half of a whole" or "one out of five."
End-stopped verses are ones where each line has either a strong or weak closing punctuation mark.
Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, used blank verse for the first time in English in his translation of the AEneid (written c. 1598–1603). The form quickly became popular and was adopted by many other poets including Thomas Wyatt, Michael Drayton, and John Donne.
Translation into blank verse is easy because there are no restrictions on the use of rhyme or meter. Thus, blank verse translations can be as rhythmically irregular as the original poem.
Here are some examples of poems written in blank verse: William Shakespeare's Julius Caesar and Antony and Cleopatra; John Milton's Paradise Lost; Christopher Marlowe's Tamburlaine the Great and Doctor Faustus; and Lewis Theobald's version of Romeo and Juliet.
In modern times, several poets have experimented with blank verse. These include T. S. Eliot, Ezra Pound, W. H. Auden, Louis Zukofsky, and Robert Duncan.
Eliot wrote two sequences of poems in blank verse: The Waste Land and Four Quartets. Both were published posthumously in 1951 and 1952 respectively. They deal with themes such as destruction and renewal, death and judgment, hope and eternity.
Blank verse is any verse that is made up of unrhymed lines that are all in the same meter, which is commonly iambic pentameter. It originated in Italy and gained popularity during the Renaissance because it resembled classical, unrhymed poetry. Iamb: two stressed-unstressed syllables, like in "today"...
...and pentameter: five-foot lines of English poetry that are composed of unrhymed hemistichs (three-line stanzas). Thus, blank verse is a form of English poetry that uses iambic pentameter as its metrical pattern.
The term "blank verse" was first used by George Puttenham in his book The Art of Poetry (1589). He said that this type of poetry was so called because there were no rhymes or other kinds of punctuation marks added to the poem. Instead, each line contained several unstressed syllables that were taken from a regular pattern (usually iambic), so the whole poem had a uniform sound pattern and was easy to remember.
According to some scholars, the invention of the printing press led to the decline of blank verse because readers could not follow the poems if they did not know how they were supposed to sound. With the ability to read printed works more easily, people started expecting poems to have rhyme or at least strong internal patterns that would give the reader some guidance on how to pronounce words as they came off the page.
Blank verse is a literary technique that is described as rhyming poetry written in iambic pentameter that is not rhymed. It has a constant meter in poetry and prose, with 10 syllables in each line (pentameter), with unstressed syllables followed by stressed ones, five of which are stressed but do not rhyme. These can be either masculine or feminine, depending on the author's choice.
The term "blank" refers to the fact that the poem contains no specific theme or subject matter, although many poems about actual people or events can be considered blanks. The term "verse" means "in lines", and thus describes the formal quality of the language used. Because blank verse uses regular English words without any special spelling rules, it is one of the most accessible forms of poetry for students who have never tried writing poetry before. It is also useful for writers who want to experiment with different styles and techniques without committing themselves to a single idea or approach.
Some famous poets who have used this form include John Milton, Samuel Johnson, Alexander Pope, William Shakespeare, and Christopher Marlowe.
Milton was a 17th-century poet and civil servant who is best known for his epic poem Paradise Lost. He began writing this poem when he was 26 years old and didn't complete it until after he had become secretary of state for England. It has been argued that his lack of success as an administrator caused him to seek external inspiration for his work.