In its most basic form, the Chicago style provides a short citation consisting of the name of the author (or authors) and the date of publication when referring to a source of information inside the body of a document. These citations can be inserted into the text directly using standard bibliographic citation methods or included in the end notes section of the document.
When writing about someone who has not become famous yet, such as a scientist or an inventor, you should use the author-date system of citation. This means that you should always include the name of the author and the year of publication if you are citing information from one of their works.
For example, if you were writing about one of Einstein's theories or experiments, you would say something like this: "Xyloryl proposed his theory in 1970, but it wasn't until 1992 that scientists proved him right." Using this method, others could then go back and find your reference by looking up both Xyloryl and 1992.
The need for this kind of reference may not seem obvious because we all know what an author does in general and also how long ago some things happened. However, people other than familiar with the topic you are writing about may not understand why you needed to cite an article written by someone who had not yet been born when you were writing your paper.
The Chicago Citation Style
Chicago Style Citation & Writing Guide The University of Chicago developed the Chicago citation style. It is often used in history and, on occasion, in the humanities, sciences, and social sciences to cite sources. The Chicago Manual of Style is the standard reference work on writing styles.
Citations are essential in any academic paper or essay because they provide evidence that what you wrote was not invented out of thin air. A citation is a reference to a specific place within your source material that can help other scholars know how you derived your information. Without citations, your ideas would be uselessly floating around in vacuous space. Even if you are citing something you have read online or in a magazine, you should still provide a link back to the original source so others can check it out for themselves.
There are three main parts to a typical citation: author(s), title, and date. You must include all three elements in order to fully identify a source. If you fail to give all three elements, your citation will be incomplete and therefore invalid.
The first part of every citation is the author's name followed by the surname, initial, or handle (such as Mr., Dr., or Prof.) if applicable.
The University of Chicago developed the Chicago citation style. Many people in the humanities, such as history, literature, and the arts, favor the Notes and Bibliography style. In science, researchers usually follow the Publication date format. In the social sciences, People sometimes use the Textual format.
Note: The Chicago citation style is not the only way to cite sources; however, it is the most common method used by historians in particular.
Note: There are several other citation styles that are less commonly used but include important information about where you found your source. These include the APA (American Psychological Association) citation style, which is useful for citing books, articles, and conference presentations; the Vancouver (University of British Columbia) style, which is best used with scholarly journals that require a formal reference list; and the ATLA (American Theological Library Association) style, which is recommended for biblical scholars.
Note: For more information on historical methods, conventions, and languages, see our historical methods page.
Newspaper Title, Month, Date, and Year of Publication Obtained Month, Date, and Year URL for complete article linked to specific page containing citation.
A reference list in the Chicago author-date style must be included in your content. It appears at the conclusion of your article and contains complete information about each source you mentioned. To reference sources in notes and bibliography format, utilize Chicago style footnotes; a bibliography is optional but encouraged.
The Chicago style of writing requires that each footnote be centered on a line of its own and placed at the end of the paragraph it refers to. This can be done by using punctuation to mark the end of the sentence and including enough space after the sentence to properly align the footnote with respect to the paragraph.
For example, if I wanted to include a citation that reads "Smith, John Q. "It's me again!" I would need to place this in my document with some space after the sentence and then type the footnote text accordingly. The result should look like this: Smith, John Q. "It's me again!"
When referencing multiple sources for a single fact, it is acceptable to use multiple footnotes (one for each source). However, only one footnote may be used on any given line. If you need to reference two different sources on the same line, separate them with commas.
For example, let's say I want to refer to the Chicago Manual of Style as well as some other resource on how to format citations. Both manuals recommend placing all parenthetical information in footnotes.
In general, Chicago citations must include:
The Chicago/Turabian citation style is commonly used for referencing sources for humanities papers, and it is well recognized for requiring writers to provide bibliographic citations at the bottom of a page or at the conclusion of a document. The style was developed by the late John W. Woods (1926-2001) of the University of Chicago, who published several articles on its use.
There are two main versions of the Chicago style: the original and the revised. The original was developed in the 1950s by Professor Woods, who was then teaching at the University of Chicago. It is easy to follow and does not require any special software to produce bibliographies or references lists. However, it is known for being difficult to edit manually; therefore, many academics now use one of the various revision products that have been developed over the years.
In 2001, the University of Chicago released a new version of the Chicago style called the "revised edition". The main change made by this edition is that it allows for more flexibility in reference list ordering. Previously, each reference listed had to come after the corresponding citation in the text. With the revised edition, authors can move certain references up or down within a list if they want to highlight different aspects of the literature reviewed. This allows for much better integration of primary and secondary sources of information.