The APA in-text citation style, for example, employs the author's last name and the year of publication, as in: (Field, 2005). Include the page number for direct quotations, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14). In general, use the word "that" to introduce a quotation.
When citing in-text in APA format, use the author-date method. This indicates that the author's last name and the year of publication for the source, such as Jones, should be in the text (1998). Each source should have one complete reference in the reference list at the conclusion of the article. In this case, the author-date citation would look like this: "Jones, 1998."
In addition to the author-date method, another method called the parenthetical citation is used in academic essays and research papers when you want to refer to an in-text quotation or excerpt from a book, magazine, or newspaper. With the parenthetical citation, you identify the source with an abbreviation for the media, followed by the date of publication. For example, if you were to take the following passage from a book and wanted to cite it in your essay, you could use the parenthetical citation method: "The book was well written and interesting to read, so I decided to purchase it. His advice was helpful and he gave me some good ideas, so I'll be going into business with him next month." You would first identify the source of the quotation as a book by using the abbreviation for the medium (bk), then include the date of publication (2000) after which you could include the quotation itself.
Finally, consider using online sources when writing your paper. These days, many students use Wikipedia or other websites to do their research for them.
When you allude to, summarize, paraphrase, or reference another source, include an in-text citation. Every in-text citation in your article must be accompanied by a comparable item in your reference list. When citing multiple sources, it is acceptable to use more than one in-text citation style definition, such as: (Field et al., 2005; Jones, 2003).
In addition to the author and date, an in-text citation should include the title of the work being cited. This information is usually found near the end of the text being cited, either on a separate page or in a footnote. If the work being cited is part of a series, refer to it by its series title instead of using the word "that." For example, if referring to volume 3 of a series, use the phrase "Jones (2005), who argues..." rather than "Jones (that)..." A single work can be referred to by more than one title, so long as they are distinct from each other.
Finally, an in-text citation should include the location of the work being cited. This information is usually included in the reference list at the end of the paper, but can also be placed in a footnote. If the work being cited is part of a series, refer to it by its location within the series.
The author(s) name(s), publication year, article title, journal name, volume and issue number, page range of the article, and a DOI are all included in an APA Style citation for a journal article (if available). To learn more about the format, click on the buttons below. If you need to create your own bibliography, refer to our tutorial.