A news article addresses current or recent news of broad or particular interest (i.e., daily newspapers). An eyewitness account of a current occurrence might be included in a news piece. So too would an interview with a source who can comment on the event.
A news article should be written in the present tense and should make reference to events that have already taken place. It should not describe events that are going to take place (for example, "President Obama will address Congress tomorrow night"). The purpose of a news article is to report current events so that readers can be aware of what is happening in their world. A future event can be mentioned as a footnote or even in an addendum but it cannot be the main focus of the article.
In addition to addressing current events, a good news article will often include references to history. For example, when writing about Roosevelt Island, you could mention that it was originally part of Harlem River Park before being acquired by New York City in 1868. Or you could note that the island's population is predominantly white despite its proximity to Harlem -- this historical fact adds context to your story and makes it more interesting to read.
Finally, a good news article includes sources.
It typically contains a brief summary of events and developments relevant to its topic.
News articles can be divided into three basic types: front-page stories, inside stories, and human-interest pieces. Front-page stories are usually major news events such as wars, elections, royal weddings, etc. They are placed on the front page to draw readers in and often include large photos of the event being reported. Inside stories appear in other sections of the newspaper and often cover topics that would not otherwise attract much attention from readers. For example, an inside story could report on some development at a university or business school you didn't know much about before. Human-interest stories involve people who are involved in some sort of activity or situation that is interesting or important to read about. For example, a human-interest story might profile someone who has been granted special permission to walk across America unassisted by ropes or wires. These types of stories often include photographs of the person being interviewed or some other form of visual media.
Front-page stories and inside stories are both written quickly so that they can be published while the news is still hot. This is why those types of articles tend to be short.
A news item might feature an eyewitness account of a current occurrence. It may include images, narratives, data, graphs, recollections, interviews, polls, topical discussions, and so on. Headlines can be used to draw the reader's attention to a certain (or primary) section of the article. These headlines often use plain language to make them appealing to a wide audience.
News articles are usually structured into sections that cover different topics within the article. These sections may include:
Headlines - Short phrases or sentences that give a general idea of what the article is about. They are used to grab readers' attention in the crowded newspaper market.
Subheads - Subheadings under each headline that further break down the topic being covered by the article. These help readers navigate through lengthy articles by directing their attention to specific parts of interest.
Body- The body of the article contains the most detailed information about the topic. This is also where you will find tables, figures, and other materials if they are relevant to the topic at hand.
Summary - A brief overview of the main points of the article written by a professional journalist. They are useful for readers who want to learn more about certain issues raised by the piece of news reported on.
Anchors - Short links or references to other parts of the story.
A news piece, on the other hand, can cover any subject that is deemed noteworthy. In general, news stories do not discuss a single current event in detail, but rather a subject in depth, whereas a press release normally concentrates on one specific subject, such as an anniversary, event, grand opening, milestone, etc. A press release may, however, cover more than one topic if done effectively.
There are several factors that distinguish a news story from a press release. Press releases are usually written in plain English and often include the name of a company or organization that issued the release, while articles tend to be written in simpler language and often omit this information. News stories also tend to be longer than press releases. Additionally, press releases are generally sent to media outlets ahead of time with the aim of getting coverage, while stories are published on websites online where they are available for readers to find. Finally, unlike stories which are usually written specifically for publication, press releases are usually prepared in advance by publicity departments of companies with newsworthy events or activities scheduled later in the year.
For example, if a company issues a press release announcing that it will have a special sale on its products on Christmas Day, then this would be considered a news story.