The appearance or presentation of your essay is referred to as formatting. Most essays have at least four types of text: headers, paragraphs, quotes, and bibliographic references. Footnotes and endnotes are also acceptable. You must also consider the typefaces you employ and the page numbers. Overall appearance should be consistent with other academic papers.
There are two main categories of formatting: external and internal. External formatting includes such things as font style, size, and placement of text on the page. Internal formatting refers to the organizational structure of the essay itself. For example, you would use internal heading styles to divide an essay into sections or subsections.
External formatting is done using headings, subheadings, and titles. These elements can be used alone or in combination to highlight different parts of the essay. They can be added to the text directly or displayed in a different color using tags. Colors are used to identify important ideas or topics within the essay. Tags can be any word or phrase in the English language except for quotation marks and parentheses.
Internal formatting is done using divisions called blocks. A block is a unit of organization that divides an essay into distinct sections. Each section requires its own unique title or block header. After each block, include a new line and start a new section.
Blocks can be divided into three main categories: major, minor, and transitional.
Correctly Formatting Your Academic Writing An academic essay often has a five-paragraph structure: an introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion. The introduction's primary objective is to introduce the topic and convey the major point of the essay (a.k.a. the thesis statement)...
Document formatting relates to how a document is set out on the page—how it appears and how it is visually organized—and it tackles issues such as font selection, font size and presentation (such as bold or italics), spacing, margins, alignment, columns, indentation, and lists. Document formatting is important because it can make reading and understanding a document easier for others.
There are two main types of document formatting: internal and external. Internal formatting is done within the body of the text itself; for example, selecting different fonts or sizes for certain words or phrases. External formatting is used to mark off sections of the text (such as chapters or articles) and to indicate where one section ends and another begins. For example, chapter marks are used internally while page numbers are used externally.
The term "document formatting" may cause confusion because many people think only about external formatting when they think about documents. But the visual appearance of a document includes its overall look and feel, which includes aspects such as font style, color, and layout that go beyond simply marking up a piece of text with lines and boxes. All of these elements come together to create a finished product that provides a good user experience. The word "formatting" has been used in business contexts for years to describe the arrangement of written material on a page, and this use of the word is what led to its adoption into web design terminology.
A formatting style is a method of making an academic document that is consistent. It provides a paper a distinct look. The three most common formatting styles are block, tabular, and subtitle.
Block text is arranged in paragraphs and appears in blocks on the page. Block text can be any length and often contains figures, equations, or both. This is the default setting for most academic papers.
Tabular data is presented in rows and columns. Each item in the list will need its own row, with each column representing a different variable. For example, if you were creating a research paper on the effects of gender on salary, your data might look like this:
Male $10,000 Female $7,500
You would need to have two columns of data for this to be considered tabular. You could change this into a table by clicking within the cell containing the first piece of data (in this case "Male") and then pressing Ctrl+T (or Command+T on a Mac). A box will appear around the first cell you clicked in, warning you that you are about to create a table. Once you confirm, the cells below it will become tables themselves.
"A text's format is its organizing structure. An author may change the structure of a literary work to emphasize distinctions, particularly when attempting to convey information about the contrasts between various events, characters, or other parts of the work. Changing the format can also clarify the plot."
Changing the format is often done to make the story or poem more accessible to a reader who is not familiar with the original version. A writer may do this to avoid repeating elements in the work that are known by most readers to be important for understanding the story or concluding a poetic sequence.
For example, if you were writing a novel about Romeo and Juliet but did not know their story was going to end up being so famous, you might have included some kind of note with your publication explaining what had happened in order to help readers understand why these two young people would die. This note would have served to explain to readers something that might otherwise be surprising at the end of the story.
To illustrate this point, look at how Charles Dickens ended A Tale of Two Cities with a frame story that explained what had happened in France since the story began. Although readers knew from the beginning that two terrible things would happen to cause chaos in Paris, Dickens added the frame story to help readers understand why it was happening and what would happen next in the story.