Pencil grades describe the lightness/hardness and darkness/softness of a graphite pencil. You may have observed that graphite pencils are graded H or B. The letter H represents for hard, while the letter B stands for blackness. Because they include more filler and less graphite, H pencils are tougher and create lighter lines. B pencils are softer and produce darker marks.
The term "pencil" comes from the fact that these tools were once made out of wood. Before plastic came into use, people used to make their own lead pencils by dipping bamboo or hemp sticks into a container full of mixed lead and tin powders. They would then carve the stick into various shapes using only their hands before writing with them. Today, most pencils are made out of petroleum products such as crude oil or coal tar that are processed into sheets called "flexible plastics." These materials are then cut and shaped into cylinders that can be either solid or hollow. The ends of the pencil are usually rounded for easy holding and manipulating.
People first started making lead pencils out of wood because they were easier to find in nature than true lead. Also, wood is more flexible than metal and this makes it useful for creating drawings and sketches. During the 19th century, people began making lead pencils out of powdered pewter because they needed a better lead for drawing on paper which was beginning to replace parchment as a recording medium.
H pencils are hard, and they leave less graphite on the paper. This means that they are lighter. B pencils are softer and leave more graphite on the paper, meaning they are darker. H's are best for drawing and B's are better for writing.
Higgins brand pencils are famous all over the world because of their quality products at affordable prices. They have many different types of pencils for every need, from classic 2B to fine point 8H.
When you buy a set of Higgins brand pencils, you will get a range of sizes from 2B to 8H. This gives you great versatility when drawing and making notes. If you want to draw with a finer point pen, then use the 2B pencil. If you need something harder, like wood grain, then use the 4H pencil. The more expensive 6H and 8H pencils are used for coloring in drawings or as practice tools for when you first start drawing.
Higgins brand pencils are very popular among students because of their reasonable prices and wide selection of colors. They come in sets of four which is enough material for years of drawing!
The quality of Higgins brand pencils has been trusted for over 100 years.
A pencil's hardness level is printed on the pencil. These pencils are really soft. The letter H stands for "hard." HB is an abbreviation for "hard black," which indicates "medium hard." HB pencils are suitable for drawing and writing practice.
HB pencils have lead that is approximately 2B in diameter. They produce a dark line when used on paper with no other ink or paint applied over it. They are good for creating basic drawings and illustrations because they don't smear as easily as softer leads do. However, HB leads are very brittle and can break off inside your paper if you use too much pressure when drawing.
There are two types of HB leads: standard and water-soluble. Standard HB leads are not soluble in water; you'll need to soak them in a bowl of water before using them to remove any residual color from previous drawings. Water-soluble HB leads are designed for use with liquid acrylic paints or stains. When you wash them down the sink, they disintegrate into small granules that can be disposed of in the trash.
HB leads are commonly available in school supply stores and art shops. There are also home improvement stores that sell lead pencils that are equivalent to HB lead. These are useful for drawing on surfaces such as wood or plastic that will not accept regular pencil marks.
Graphite pencils are used for writing and sketching. Anyone with greater expertise in writing and drawing would often select a pencil with a medium degree of hardness (HB); some prefer the degree of hardness (F). Soft pencils with hardness ratings 2B to 8B are used by people who desire to express themselves artistically. Harder pencils with ratings 8B to 12B are required when you want a precise line.
There are two types of graphite: flake and powdered. Flake pencils are smoother because there are no large pieces of wood or plastic in the lead; they tend to draw more freely too. Powdered graphite is very hard; it's perfect for detailed drawings. Both types of graphite can be split into different degrees of hardness. The harder the grade of pencil, the better it will stay on the page. B & D pencils are most commonly found in school supply stores; they come in various sizes from 2B to 4H.
The type of paper you use affects which kind of pencil to buy. If you plan to do a lot of drawing or painting, it's best to buy several grades of hardness so you can find one that's right for the job. When shopping for pencils, look for ones that are single-lead so you don't need to buy extra supplies if you want to change colors.
The quality of your pencil leads matters too. Buyers usually choose between mechanical or nonmechanical leads.