Hart Crane, full name Harold Hart Crane, was an American poet who embraced the richness of life—including the life of the industrial age—with visionary intensity in songs. He was born on July 21, 1899 in Garrettsville, Ohio, and died on April 27, 1932 at sea in the Caribbean Sea.
Besides being renowned as a poet, Hart Crane has also been cited as one of the first American avant-garde artists. His work pre-dating that of William Burroughs by about ten years has earned him this title. Burroughs was greatly influenced by Hart Crane; they even met once but did not get along well.
Burroughs later wrote: "I had heard of Hart Crane before I ever saw his poems but I wasn't impressed because I associated him with everything fashionable among modern poets at the time. Later I read some of his poems and found them very strange and powerful."
After graduating from Harvard University in 1922, Hart Crane moved to New York City where he became a part of the downtown art scene. He soon gained attention for his daring use of language and imagery which often reflected his obsession with death.
In 1931, Hart Crane killed himself in the Caribbean Sea after being diagnosed with tuberculosis. He is now considered one of the leading figures in the early style of poetry known as "objective correlative".
From 1914 to 1931, he was the Chief Executive Officer of the "Crane Company." He was thought to be the second wealthiest man in Chicago, while the founder of Sears & Roebuck was the wealthiest at the time. R. T. Crane, Jr. and his father had some disagreements after his father's death. In 1931, he quit to start up another company. But this new company went bankrupt in two years' time.
He died on August 4, 1940 at the age of 50 in a plane crash near Rockford, Illinois.
Crane is known for creating the first mass-market plastic product when he introduced polyvinyl chloride (PVC) wire coatings in 1913. The Chief Executive Officer of the Crane Company at the time was 46 years old. He has been called the "Father of PVC" because of this invention.
Besides being wealthy, Crane also had several other talents that helped him become successful. He was an excellent public speaker who knew how to communicate with investors, customers, and employees. He was also a skilled manager who brought success to his companies.
There are many museums around America that show the life and work of Richard T. Crane Jr.
Brown, around 1903. Mr. Crane was well-off as a result of his father's thriving plumbing company, The Crane Company. It was well-known for its ship valves and fittings. Richard bought out his brothers' shares in the business and has been running it ever since.
They made their money selling goods to the government during World War II. You may know them better as Buehrle Pharmaceuticals or Pharmacia.
After the war ended, Buehrle started making generic medications that were sold under many different names across America. They hired some famous doctors to be spokespeople for these products - men like Dr. John Buehrle who was involved with the development of Procrit (the first blood transfusion) and Enovid (the first birth control pill for women). Both medicines are still in use today.
Pharmacia made its money selling drugs too, but they also had this idea of marketing them based on how they could benefit people's health. So, they came up with ideas for treatments for diseases that didn't exist yet, but might someday. For example, they developed a medicine called Dexatrim which was supposed to help people lose weight by making you feel full after eating just one sugar-free calorie. It turned out not to be very effective and was soon taken off the market.
Crane died at the age of 50 after a heart attack. He was laid to rest in Valhalla Memorial Park Cemetery. His death was reported by Elayne Boosler on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno.
The Hart Crane
|Birth||21 Jul 1899 Garrettsville, Portage County, Ohio, USA|
|Death||26 Apr 1932 (aged 32) At Sea|
|Cenotaph||Park Cemetery Garrettsville, Portage County, Ohio, USA|
|Memorial ID||9797053 · View Source|
Garrettsville (Ohio) Clarence Arthur Crane was born in the Ohio town of Garrettsville. His father was a maple sugar producer. Clarence married Grace Edna Hart on June 1, 1898, after a two-month relationship. Harold Hart Crane, the couple's only child, was born the following summer. The Cranes moved to California when he was still an infant. He attended public schools in San Francisco and Santa Rosa before going to Harvard University. There he earned a bachelor's degree in English in 1922 and a master's degree three years later.
Clarence Crane started his career as a school teacher at the age of 24. In 1926, he became principal of the private Quaker School in Wilmington, Delaware. Three years later, he replaced James Bertrand Davis as president of Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts. During his tenure, the academy changed its admission policy from discrimination against Jewish students to one that allowed racial segregation. In 1940, Clarence Crane resigned to take charge of another all-boys school: St. George's School in Middletown, Connecticut. He remained there until his death in 1983 at the age of 88.
Besides being president of two major institutions, Clarence Crane worked as a literary critic for several newspapers including the Boston Evening Globe and the New York Herald Tribune. He also published several books including a memoir titled My Life in Our National Guard (1941).
Edwin Arlington Robinson (born December 22, 1869, Head Tide, Maine, U.S.—died April 6, 1935, New York, N.Y.), an American poet best known for his short theatrical poems about the residents of Tilbury Town, a little New England community similar to Gardiner, Maine, where he grew up. Robinson's work was widely read during his lifetime and continues to find new audiences more than 100 years after it was published.
Robinson was the son of a schoolteacher and had several siblings. When he was eight years old, his father died, leaving his mother to raise her children on her own. This experience may have influenced Robinson's decision to become an artist rather than pursue another profession. He studied art in Boston under William E. Wallace and later in France. In 1893, he traveled to London where he met many of the leading poets of the day. Upon his return home two years later, he began publishing his poems in magazines such as The Atlantic Monthly and Harper's Bazaar. Many of these poems were set to music and they remain popular today with both classical listeners and singers.
Arlington Robinson is considered one of the founders of modernism in poetry. His innovations included formalist techniques, psychological insight, attention to detail, and use of everyday speech. During his career, he received many positive reviews from critics who praised his skill as a poet and called him "the king of American poets."