Historiography is the study of the technique of writing history in a critical manner. It covers source research, numerous methodologies, tactics, and so on that are necessary to write the history. A historian is a person who writes.
Historiography: the writing of history, particularly the writing of history based on the critical assessment of sources, the selection of specific facts from authentic materials in those sources, and the synthesis of those information into a narrative that withstands critical investigation...
It is the study of historical evidence to determine what really happened in past events. Historians use primary sources (original documents such as letters, journals, or accounts written by participants) and secondary sources (books about people or events that contain information derived from primary sources). By analyzing these different types of sources, historians can tell us what presidents did, who their friends were, how they lived, and so forth!
Every event has an effect on future events, and historians try to understand how previous events have influenced current ones. They do this by looking at patterns over time: changes occurring over several years or decades are called "long-term trends," while changes that occur within a single year are called "short-term trends." Short-term trends may be caused by recent events but also by older events that still have effects on current events. Long-term trends are usually caused by groups of people or events that can be traced back over many years or centuries.
Historiography is the writing of history, particularly the writing of history based on the critical analysis of sources, the selection of specific information from authentic materials in those sources, and the synthesis of those facts into a narrative that withstands critical investigation. History is the study of historical events and persons, and historiography is the writing of history.
In short, historiography is a method of history-writing that consists in analyzing sources to select facts, understanding how and why they were chosen by previous writers, and then combining these elements into a coherent account that is consistent with established knowledge.
The term "historiography" was coined in 1816 by Jacob Grimm who defined it as "the science that investigates the methods and principles on which historical writings are founded". He went on to say that "history is the record of past events, but historiography is their interpretation". This definition has been widely accepted since its publication in German. Historiography is thus the written interpretation of history.
In modern usage, the terms are used interchangeably to describe any comprehensive treatment of historical topics from a particular period or perspective. That is, a work can be called historiographic even if it does not fulfill all the requirements for scholarship set out above; for example, it might be an autobiography written by a contemporary person about themselves or someone else.
Historiography is the study of how history is written and how our capacity to understand that history evolves through time. The technique evaluates the methodologies employed by historians and attempts to show how and why their beliefs and interpretations differ so greatly. It also examines how certain events or periods are interpreted by different groups of historians as they write about earlier times.
An excellent question that requires some thought to answer! As with many other questions on this site, the answer depends on what kind of historian you are. If you are a general historian who covers wide-ranging topics in their field then your answer would be quite long. A general historian might want to say that their job is to interpret the past by drawing on evidence from primary sources such as letters, documents, books, films, etc. They do this by considering the values of different societies at any given point in time and how these values affect what people choose to include in their writings.
If you are a specialist historian who focuses on one topic for their entire career then their answer would be quite short. Like any other profession, historians have different views on issues such as current affairs or famous people because of their own values and opinions. These differences can be seen even between historians who work in the same country at the same time with only one or two main subjects to cover!
Historiography has recently been defined as "the study of how history has been and is written—the history of historical writing," which means that "when you study 'historiography,' you do not study the events of the past directly, but the changing interpretations of those events in the works of individuals..." Historiography includes studies of primary sources such as letters, documents, and other materials used by historians' subjects to record their experiences over time. It also includes works by important historians that analyze these sources or contemporary accounts of major events.
The historiography of women's historiography concerns itself with the ways in which women have contributed to historiography. Women have always played an important role in society as writers, researchers, and educators. However, it was not until the 20th century that they began to be included in official histories as contributors rather than as missing figures. Although there are many notable women historians today, including Elizabeth Eisenstein, Linda K. Kerber, and Susan Myer, women's roles in history were not considered important enough to include in most histories until recently.
Women have often been excluded from history books because they did not hold public office, their stories cannot be told using only secondary sources (such as archives or memoirs), or they did not leave behind writings that describe their lives. Historians have also tended to focus on men because they believed that only they could write history worth reading or quoting.