The author's last name and the particular page number for the information quoted are usually included in the parenthetical citations. These are broad criteria for in-text citations, including author names, citation location, and handling of electronic sources. For example: "On the front page of The New York Times on May 5, 1999, there was an article by Mary McGrath titled 'Surgeons Say Transplant Recipient's Death Was Due to Organ Failure, Not Cancer.'"
Bibliography entries consist of the same elements as in-text citations but are listed in chronological order with authors' names abbreviated and page numbers omitted. For example: "McGrath, May 5, 1999." Or, if the source is a book: "Ornstein, 1993."
Citations in bibliographies should include the full title of the work being cited. If only a chapter or section is being referenced, then that is all that is needed. For example: "See Chapter 4 for more information." or "See Page 123 for more details."
It is acceptable to cite books that you have annotated, edited, or reviewed as long as the others' attribution remains intact. For example: "See Page 132 for examples of effective study techniques."
The author-page standard is followed by the parenthetical citation or in-text citation in MLA style; it needs both the author's last name and the page number. The example below uses the author-page standard.
The book title, Annabel Lee, is followed by this reference: p. 203 (2004).
It is important to distinguish between in-text citations and endnotes. An in-text citation is used within the text of your paper to refer back to information previously provided there. Endnotes are notes at the bottom of a page or pages in your bibliography or works cited list; they are referenced with page numbers.
In this sentence, we will use the word "citation" as an abbreviation for in-text citation. This means that each time the word "citation" appears in the sentence, the reader should assume that a reference is intended.
An in-text citation includes the date if you have it available. For example: Author 1, page 3. Author 2, page 7. Date published.
If you don't know the date, leave it out. In most cases, including dates is not necessary for in-text citations.
The needed source information in a parenthetical citation is determined by (1) the source media (e.g., print, online, DVD) and (2) the source's entry on the Works Cited page. Any source information you include in-text must match the source information on the Works Cited page. If there is no entry on the Works Cited page, you cannot use the in-text reference.
For example, if your source is an article that was published at www.parentarticle.com/articles/2016/01/01/how-a-mouse-uses-citations-to-validate-its-research-data/ then the needed source information would be: "At www.parentarticle.com/articles/2016/01/01/how-a-mouse-uses-citations-to-validate-its-research-data/". If you were to refer to this article as "an online journal," it would not provide sufficient information to identify the source. You could place a note in the text saying "See also: www.parentarticle.com/articles/2016/01/01/how-a-mouse-uses-citations-to-validate-its-research-data/", but only the actual entry on the Works Cited page would provide complete information about the source.
Note that some sources do not require a parenthetical citation because they are well known or widely accepted as accurate.