A pair rhyme is a two-line stanza that rhymes with AABBCC or a similar dual rhyming pattern. Rhyming couplets relate to the rhymes themselves. Shakespeare's sonnets conclude with rhyming couplets like this one: William Shakespeare, "Sonnet 18." Copyright 2013 by William Shakespeare. All rights reserved.
Shakespeare may have been the first to use the term "couple rhyme" to describe his poems. The form was popular among poets in Europe and America through the 17th century. Today, couplets are still used to close poems, especially long ones.
How do you know when two words or phrases belong to the same rhyme group? Look for patterns of identical letters or sounds within the words. In "The Raven," Edgar Allan Poe used this technique to create a sense of mystery and doom as he asked readers to figure out the rhyme scheme for each line of the poem.
Poe also uses alliteration (repeating initial consonant sounds) and assonance (similar sounding words that are not spelled the same) throughout the poem to add drama and emotion. This technique can be seen in these lines from the beginning of the poem: "Nevermore! O, never more!" These words sound strange and frightening together. They make the reader wonder what kind of curse has been put on the family.
A sonnet is made up of three four-line stanzas (in the ABAB rhyme scheme) followed by an AA rhyme scheme couplet. The rhyme system for the full sonnet would be "ABAB CDCD EFEF GG."
Here are some famous sonnets:
"Sonnet 126" by William Shakespeare. This sonnet was probably written as a response to another poet named Thomas Wyatt. It is now thought that Thomas Wyatt was actually a group of people led by one Thomas Wyatt (or possibly his wife) who wrote several poems in response to Shakespeare's plays. This sonnet was probably written about 15% of the time that Shakespeare wrote sonnets.
"Sonnet 18" by William Shakespeare. This sonnet is about a love triangle between two men and a woman. It was probably written as a response to someone who had sent him one hundred kisses in a book. He sends back only this single sonnet instead.
"Sonnet 20" by William Shakespeare. This sonnet is about a man who has been given the nickname "the sweet youth". The poet asks whether this young man will live forever since he is so beautiful. He answers his own question by saying that yes, he will because he is made of poetry!
"Sonnet 25" by William Shakespeare.
In poetry, a couplet is a pair of consecutive lines in metre. A couplet is often made composed of two lines that rhyme and have the same metre. Thus, "A man, a plan, a canal: / It's easier than you think".
The term couplet originates from the Latin word duodecim meaning twelve. The number 12 often appears in classical poetry as a metrical unit consisting of a group of two lines with each line having ten syllables.
In English literature, the couplet is most commonly found in poems written in iambic pentameter, but it also appears in some other kinds of poetry, such as sonnets and villanelles. A poem written in couplets is called a limerick because these humorous poems usually include five lines with which to end. Some more recent examples of limericks are included in this article.
Couplets are used in poetry to indicate a change of tone or attitude. For example, in "How doth the little busy bee," the first couplet introduces the theme and the second couplet expresses surprise at how industrious the insect is. In general, poems containing a couplet are shorter than those that don't contain a couplet; however, this is not always the case.
Each of the two lines of a formal (or closed) couplet is end-stopped, signifying a grammatical halt at the conclusion of a line of poetry. The first line usually begins with an unstressed syllable and the second with a stressed one; however, some poets do not follow this rule.
In English literature, the term "couplet" most commonly refers to a pair of poetic verses consisting of an abab pattern with identical rhymes. Although other patterns are used in poetry, only the abab pattern permits the use of two successive rhymes without any intervening non-rhyming verse. The French word couplet comes from Latin cursus, a running course, because the first half of each verse describes a rapid flow or stream of water, which then stops abruptly before starting again for the second half.
In music, a couplet is a pair of short musical phrases or stanzas. They are usually but not always of equal length. Two-stanza poems are also called doublets. A three-stanza poem is called a triplet, and so on.
In speech, a couplet is a pair of words or phrases that express a thought or idea simultaneously or within a short time span. Couplets are often but not always close together in speech or writing.