Contemporary landscape writing contains some of the most compelling literary geographies of the last three decades: non-fiction prose pieces that are principally concerned with the links between self and place, nature and culture. These connections are often explored through the medium of travel writing, but they can also be examined through studies of personal history, political activism, or other forms of life writing.
Landscape writers include: Roy Applegate, Paul Austin, Richard Baxter, William Bell, Charles Bowden, Robert Bly, Edward Dolnick, Stephen Dowrick, James Egan, John Elwert, Lawrence Ferlinghetti, Gary Gachowski, George Gilbert, Alan Golding, Richard Grossman, John Heath, Susan Howatch, David Hughes, Robert Hughes, Rebecca Irwin, Peter Jenkins, Andrew Keating, Kenneth Lee, Eva Louizou, Philip Marsden, Paul McCarty, Patricia McNamee, Robert Mantle, Giles Mace, Colin McDowell, Andrew Martin, Jay Mathews, Mary Midgley, Simon Neeff, Patrick Ness, Jeff O'Neil, Arthur Olliver, Bill Otten, Paul Page, Richard Parker, Barbara Parker, Geoff Parker, Helen Phillips, Iain Robertson, Andy Smith, Ian Thomson, Liz Topping, and Alice Walker.
A landscape whose use, construction, or physical layout reflects endemic traditions, customs, beliefs, or values; a landscape in which the expression of cultural values, social behavior, and individual actions over time is manifested in physical features and materials and their interrelationships, including spatial patterns. Examples include megalithic monuments, prehistoric landforms, and traditional agricultural layouts.
Cultural landscapes are important records of history, art, architecture, technology, ecology, and human activity and interaction with these other aspects of life. They provide evidence about how people have adapted to their environment over time by making use of its resources and shaping their surroundings according to their needs and desires. The remains of buildings, roads, canals, and other features can also help us to date historical events that are not specifically marked on Earth science maps.
Landscapes contain many different elements, such as plants, animals, minerals, and objects made by humans, that can give information about past environments and peoples' interactions with them. For example, archaeologists study trees, bones, and stones from ancient settlements to learn more about our ancestors' lives and ways of thinking.
Cultural landscapes help us to understand how people have shaped and adapted their environment to suit their needs.
Nature literature is often written about the natural environment. Your book might address the natural world and what it means to you or what you've seen in the environment. This concept might be framed via a personal viewpoint. For example, an author could discuss their experience as a visitor to a particular place and how this influenced them to write about it. The topic could also be driven by current events in the environment - for example, a writer may choose to focus on climate change and its impact on certain places around the world.
Books that fall under this category include: memoirs, essays, poetry collections related to specific places or topics, such as hiking trails or ecological disasters.
Many people find comfort in reading about others' experiences with nature - whether these experiences are positive or negative. Authors can use their work to encourage people to get out into nature or to consider how humans affect the environment. Some readers may even identify with the characters in these stories because they, too, go on walks or travel and think about what it means to be human in relation to other creatures.
Books that fall under this category include: non-fiction works that focus on exploring different perspectives on nature through interviews, case studies, and analytical pieces.
In contrast to a natural landscape, a cultural landscape is defined as a landscape or region "carrying the imprint more or less of human activity," or "any landscape which is plainly altered by human involvement" (Jones 1988: 154). Human involvement in this context may include anything that alters the natural state of a region including but not limited to agriculture, forestry, mining, construction, and vandalism.
Cultural landscapes can be ancient or new. Ancient cultural landscapes are those that have been continuously affected by humans for hundreds of years or more, while new cultural landscapes are those that have been created within the last few hundred years. It is important to understand that all cultures change the nature of their surrounding environments whether they intend to or not. The effects of these changes can be seen in the forms of art, architecture, and even natural features like dams and roads.
Cultural landscapes contain many different elements in both tangible and intangible ways. Tangible elements include monuments (such as buildings or statues), artifacts (such as tools or weapons), and traces (like paths or tracks). Intangible elements include ideas, beliefs, values, and attitudes about life and nature that people have carried with them over time through stories, songs, and poems.
Both ancient and new cultural landscapes contain all of these elements.
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A type of writing in which the author discusses places they have been and their travel experiences. Travel writing can be used to document trips or to offer advice to others who might want to visit these places themselves.
The term was first used by Henry David Thoreau in his book Cape Cod: A History of Its Islands (1869). He described it as "the writing of travel, but not of geography; of anecdote, but not of science." In modern usage, the term applies to any written account of a trip or journey.
Thoreau also described walking as one of the perfect activities for understanding nature and gaining new knowledge about the world. He said: "Walking is one of the best remedies for the blues. My own mental health depends greatly on my daily walks. I feel refreshed after a walk, ready to face the challenges of the day." Walking helps people see and understand things around them more clearly and gives them time to think and compose their ideas before starting work on them.