The literary canon can be defined narrowly as that which is regarded as authentic (as in separating canonical from apocryphal works in reference to the Bible or Shakespeare), but it is frequently defined more widely as that which is believed to be "excellent" literature, if not the "best"...
Canons are important because they help establish what counts as important or not important literature. Some critics believe that canons are inherently subjective and change over time while others argue that there are objective criteria by which a work of art can be judged. Whatever the case may be, canons exist for many different reasons - some critics list their canons ourselves, others have been established by groups of critics over time. Even when canons are established by groups, each member of the group has the ability to add or take away books from the canon.
Some examples of literary canons include the classics list, the great books list, and the ten greatest novels list. All of these examples are broadly accepted as valid ways to categorize literature, even though no single person or group of people claim ownership of them.
There are two types of canons: internal and external. An internal canon is one that exists within a particular culture or community-for example, the canon of poems and writers considered essential to English literature. External canons are those that exist outside a particular culture or community-for example, the canon of poems and writers deemed important in European literature.
The literary canon is a group of works against which others are judged in terms of literary talent and worth. The term "canon," derived from the Greek kanon 'straight rod,' has been used to designate works belonging to either a certain tradition (i.e. the classical canon) or an elite group (the sacred canon). However, since the early 20th century, it has also been used more generally for those books considered essential to literacy.
That said, there is no single definition of what makes up the literary canon. It varies according to who is making the list and why. Generally, however, writers of the Western tradition are included. These might be defined as any work produced by a human author using a pen or keyboard, in a language known to be written down. This would include poems, novels, plays, essays, and reports. It would also include texts created exclusively with computer programs, such as computer games, if they are read by humans and are therefore considered literary.
In addition to writers from the West, some other defining factors may be gender, ethnicity, nationality, period, place, and level of education. There can be differences based on all these factors combined with individual taste. Some will include one type of text over another, while others will exclude them. Finally, some definitions will include only classic works while others will add more recent titles.
The word "literary canon" refers to a collection of books, tales, and other materials regarded as the most significant and influential throughout a specific time period or location. Consider a course in nineteenth-century American literature. The required reading might include William Dean Howells's A Modern Tamer of Fishes and Mark Twain's Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. These are only two of many possibilities. The teacher could also list other important works by authors such as Herman Melville, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Thomas Hardy, Jack London, and E. B. White.
In addition to these novels, poems, and stories, there are also literary works that would be included on such a list: memoirs by Washington Irving and Henry David Thoreau, sketches by Washington Allston, essays by Ralph Waldo Emerson and James Russell Lowell, political speeches by Daniel Webster, and theological treatises by John Calvin and Jonathan Edwards.
It refers to a collection of books that are considered to be the greatest achievements in writing by an author or authors from England or Britain. Like its American counterpart, this list can vary depending on which country's writers are being discussed. Some examples from history include the Bible, Shakespeare's plays, Milton's poems, and Dickens's novels. Other countries have their own lists of important writings.
The concept of "canon" is very broad; in general, it refers to being one (adjectival) or a group (noun) of official, authentic, or approved rules or laws, particularly ecclesiastical; or a group of official, authentic, or approved literary or artistic works, such as the literature of a specific author, artist, genre, or time period.
In theology, a "canonical theory" is any of several theories used to explain certain books of the Bible being included in the Old Testament or the New. The term is also applied to theories proposed to account for the inclusion of particular books in the Biblical canons.
Two main types of canonical theories exist: pre-existence theories and subsequent influence theories. Pre-existence theories hold that a book of the Bible was already existing at some point before it was written. These books would have had an origin similar to that of other prophetic writings, during which time they may have played an important role in the development of early Christianity. Subsequent influence theories claim that a book of the Bible was not existing prior to its inclusion in the Canon. Rather, these books were adapted from previous texts that were already in existence.
Canonical theories play an important role in modern biblical studies because they help scholars understand how and why certain books were chosen by Christians in the early days after Jesus Christ. No single explanation can be given for the inclusion of all the books of the Bible, since many overlap in subject matter and purpose.