Literary modernism, often known as modernist literature, emerged in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, mostly in Europe and North America, and is distinguished by a self-conscious departure from conventional forms of writing in both poetry and prose fiction. Many leading writers of the time were involved in some way with the movement, which emphasized new ways of expressing experience through language, especially through abstract or symbolical representation.
The term "modern age" has been used to describe an era or period of history. The Modern Age began in 1620 with the publication of John Donne's first collection of poems, and it will end when either Technology replaces human beings as we know them today or they replace us.
According to one definition, the modern age is defined as any period of time since the Renaissance. Another definition states that the modern age began in 1789 with the French Revolution and will end in 2064 with the predicted disappearance of the last living human being. Yet another definition says that if humanity survives into the 22nd century, then the modern age ended in 2001 when Albert Einstein died. However, if not, then it will have lasted until 2036 when the last surviving human dies.
Who or what is responsible for the collapse of the modern age? Humans are responsible for the collapse of the modern age because they are using up all available resources including air, water, and soil quality.
Modernism is a literary movement that began in the early 1900s and lasted until the early 1940s. Modernist writers in general fought against the 19th century's clear-cut narrative and formulaic poetry. They also often rejected traditional spelling and grammar. Many aspects of life were examined by these writers, including class differences, gender roles, and mental illness.
The modern period in literature begins with the publication of T. S. Eliot's collection of poems titled The Waste Land in 1922. This was followed by other notable poets such as D. H. Lawrence, William Butler Yeats, Joseph Brodsky, and Pablo Neruda. All of these poets published works that are considered important in establishing the modern period in literature.
In music, modern artists such as Gustav Mahler, Claude Debussy, and Arnold Schoenberg developed new techniques and instruments that are used today. These musicians created works that were revolutionary at the time they were written because they departed from the traditional forms of opera and symphony music.
Literature and music are different art forms, but many critics have noted connections between them. For example, some believe that jazz-inspired scores were important in the development of modern music. Other links have been made between specific writers and musical genres. For example, James Joyce is associated with experimental fiction while Virginia Woolf is linked to feminist writing.
Modernism was a significant literary trend in the early twentieth century. The phrase "postmodern literature" refers to various trends in post-World War II literature. Modernism is generally considered to have ended with the emergence of existentialism in France in the mid-20th century.
Existentialism is a philosophical movement that arose in France in the mid-20th century. It emphasized the individual's need for freedom and responsibility as well as the existence of evil in the world. Important philosophers of existentialism include Jean-Paul Sartre and Albert Camus.
Postmodernism is a term used to describe several different but related movements in literature, music, film, and other arts during the late 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century. Postmodernists reject many of the traditional assumptions about what makes art art and what makes something a work of literature. They also question whether there is such a thing as objective truth or facts about reality separate from our perceptions of them.
Some postmodern writers use language playfully, sometimes even humorously, to disrupt our understanding of reality or the way we communicate it to others. Others focus on subjective views of reality, how we interpret events around us, or how words influence our thoughts and actions.
Modernism arose from a poetic tradition that emphasized the poet's personal imagination, culture, emotions, and recollections. For the modernists, it was critical to shift away from the purely personal and toward an intellectual statement about the world that poetry might make. Thus, they sought new ways of thinking about life and art that were not only personal but also political, religious, or social.
Modernist poets often broke with traditional forms such as the sonnet or villanelle because they felt these structures limited their ability to express themselves fully. Many of them also rejected the idea that poems should have endings in order to allow for greater freedom of expression. In fact, some of them even disparaged good taste as the enemy of creativity!
Some modernists used collage as part of their process. This involved taking pieces from other sources (such as magazines or books) and assembling them into a new work. For example, T. S. Eliot combined lines from different authors to create his own poems. Others experimented with different kinds of verse such as free form or formalism. Some focused on one aspect of life such as nature while others wrote about society without describing any specific situation. Still others used language obscure to most people today in an effort to generate new ideas about life and art.
Many modernists were interested in how humans think and feel about things beyond themselves.