1. "THE MOVEMENT POETRY" is a literary group of poets from the 1950s. This organization was founded in the 1950s by renowned poets of the day. As a reaction to the neoromanticism of previous British writers, a literal group movement emerged in the 1950s. In 1954, the first poem was written. In 1955, the first anthology was published. In 1956, the group met for the first time.
2. A Movement Poet is a younger writing-room disciple who continues the work of their master. They tend to write in the voice of their mentor, often using explicit references and anecdotes. Often these poems are imitative in nature but not necessarily intended to be so. The poet may have enjoyed listening to his/her master as much as if not more than reading other poets' works and thus create something similar but unique all its own. Sometimes these poems are so accurate they can only have been written by those who witnessed the events themselves. Other times they are completely fictionalized accounts designed to appeal to a modern audience. Either way, they are usually humorous in tone and deal with social issues such as love, hate, war, peace, death, etc.
3. A Movement Poet can also be referred to as a "junior poet". This title is usually given to young writers who are inspired by their master to write poetry in the same style as them.
Despite being classified as a literary club, members of the Movement regarded themselves as an actual movement, with each writer working toward a similar goal. Good poetry meant straightforward, sensual substance and classic, customary, and dignified form to these writers. They wanted their work to have impact on its readers, to move them.
Poetry readings by major poets were extremely popular among the Movement's audiences. These events often ended in fights between fans who sought recognition from the poets by throwing things at them or even hitting them over the head with clubs. The most famous example of this type of reading is John Donne's sermon poem "Ten Reasons Why You Should Hate the King."
Other forms of entertainment such as plays and concerts were also used by the poets as a way of reaching an audience. Some poets, such as Philip James Bailey, wrote poems inspired by what they saw at the theatre, while others, such as W. H. Auden, incorporated music into their works.
The most important feature of movement poetry is that it is simple and direct. Its aim is to make an immediate impact on its readers, to move them to think and feel rather than explain ideas. It should not rely on scholarly references for understanding or appreciating its content. Rather, it should be intuitively apparent what kind of poem it is.
J. D. Scott, literary editor of The Spectator, used the phrase "The Movement" in 1954 to designate a group of writers that included Philip Larkin, Kingsley Amis, Donald Davie, D. J. The Movement was primarily English in nature, with no poets from other regions of the United Kingdom participating. The Movement came to an end when most of its members failed to qualify for the 1956 London Olympics.
Larkin was one of the founders of the Movement. He began writing poems at the age of 30. After serving in the Royal Air Force during World War II, he returned home and worked as a schoolteacher before becoming a literary critic for the Observer newspaper. His poetry collection, Selected Poems, was published in 1955 to great acclaim. In 1956 he won the Queen's Medal for Poetry.
Amis and Davie also wrote poetry during this time. Amis was born in New York City in 1931 and grew up there with his family. He moved to England at the age of 19 to study literature at Oxford University. After graduating in 1953, he took a job teaching English at a private girls' school in Japan. Back in England, he joined the staff of The Spectator in 1955. Davie was born in Scotland in 1920 and grew up there. He studied philosophy and psychology at St Andrews University before joining the army in 1943. After being discharged due to illness, he went back to university to study English literature.
A literary movement is a broad word for works of literature by different writers (often written within the same time period) that have a common drive for writing in some way. These authors are usually regarded to be part of a "movement" since they share similar beliefs about something. The term "movement novel" is also used to describe novels that are considered to represent the work of an important author or authors.
Literary movements are often associated with specific events, such as the Romantic Movement in Europe and America, which began around 1750 and lasted until around 1820. However, literary movements can also begin without any particular event being involved; for example, the Realism Movement came about because many famous writers at the end of the 19th century wanted to write more realistic stories rather than using fantasy or drama like earlier writers had done.
Some examples of literary movements include:
Romanticism - this movement started in Europe and America around 1750 and it is characterized by its emphasis on nature, feelings, and imagination. Important writers from this movement include William Shakespeare, Daniel Defoe, Samuel Johnson, and Charles Dickens.
Realism - this movement began after the success of Walter Scott's Waverley Novels in 1814. Writers of this kind wanted to tell true-to-life stories instead of using fantasy or drama like early writers had done.