What is Native American literature?

What is Native American literature?

Native American literature, often known as Indian literature or American Indian literature, is the oral and written literature of the Americas' indigenous peoples. It includes works of fiction, non-fiction, poetry, and history.

It has had an important influence on Western literary culture, especially during the 19th century. Before then, there was no unified voice speaking for all Indians; instead, they were divided into many small groups with their own languages and cultures. But after 1836, when the first treaties were signed, a new sense of unity began to emerge among Indians across the country. They felt strong enough to fight for their rights by meeting in councils and passing resolutions, and some even took part in wars against white settlers. This renewed interest in writing stories about their lives helped shape modern Indian literature.

Writing materials were introduced to Indian people in the mid-1700s, but it wasn't until much later that they started writing themselves. The earliest writers were missionaries who wanted to record the words and beliefs of Indians in order to better communicate with them. Later, journalists and historians also wrote about Indians, as did artists who wanted to understand how they lived. In addition, a few Indians born into wealthy families began to write books about their experiences.

What is native literature's history?

INDIAN HISTORY BOOKS Some individuals define Native American literature as works authored by non-Indians who employ Indian stories or characters. There were some older writers who knew Indians and depicted them authentically, such as Helen Hunt Jackson. But most early writers about Indians were either soldiers, missionaries, or settlers who used their experiences to create fiction.

The first printed book about North America was also the first work of American literature: Robinson Crusoe published in 1719. It was followed by several other books on North America written by Europeans. The first American novel appeared around the same time: David Brainerd's Memoirs of his Own Life. Written from an early American perspective, it describes the adventures of a young man who sails to America looking for gold but ends up becoming a missionary.

After the publication of Memoirs of his Own Life, few novelists wrote about America for many years because there weren't any good subjects for stories. This changed when Americans fought in two wars: the Revolutionary War and the Napoleonic Wars. After these events, people wanted to know how it felt to be a hero in battle and what life was like after winning the war. Thus, novels about men in action again became popular.

Another reason why there are so many novels about Indians is because they allowed authors to express themselves freely without being censored.

When did Native American literature start and end?

Native American literature of the nineteenth century is a literature of transition, between an oral tradition that thrived for centuries before Europeans arrived and the rise of modern fiction in the 1960s, known as the Native American Renaissance. The first printed works were Bible stories told by missionaries among the Indians, such as the 1773 edition of John Evans's A Prophesy Against Prophets which includes Indian tales told by George Washington at his home in Virginia.

Native American literature ends in 1898 with the arrest and trial of Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce tribe for war crimes. He was found not guilty by reason of insanity and sent to a hospital where he died. His lawyer argued that because he had been born into this world insane, he could not be held responsible for his actions.

This conclusion marks the end of the official history of Native American writing. In reality, many writers have continued to produce work about their tribes and cultures ever since.

In 1971, N. Scott Momaday became the first Native American to win the National Book Award for his novel, "The Wayward Bus." Since then, several more books have been awarded the prize, including Louise Erdrich's novels about life on the Sioux reservation and Wallace Stegner's story about a young man's quest for identity among the Navajo people.

What does "indigenous author" mean?

Starting with the idea of indigenous peoples as the original or natural residents of a nation or territory, indigenous literature may be defined as literature created by indigenous peoples and their descendants. Poetry, theatre, fiction, and creative nonfiction are all examples of literature. Although poetry is often considered the art form most accessible to writers who have not studied literature, any type of writing can be used to create literature. What distinguishes literary work from other forms of communication is the use of language to express ideas and emotions.

In English-speaking countries, indigenous authors include those whose writings are published under the names Indian, Native American, or Alaskan. Indigenous authors also include writers whose cultural backgrounds include elements of many different indigenous cultures around the world (for example, Aboriginal Australians). Many indigenous authors write in more than one genre; for example, Louise Bennett is widely regarded as one of the first female novelists in Australia. Her works include stories for children as well as novels for adults. She has been called the Dorothy Parker of Australia because of her sharp wit.

Indian literature refers to writings in any language, including English, that were produced by indigenous people in Asia or North America. Indian literature includes myths, legends, histories, biographies, poems, plays, and novels. It can also refer to modern writings by indigenous people about their cultures and experiences.

What was the time period when Native American literature was recorded?

The written Native American literary tradition began in the early eighteenth century, with Native Americans publishing historical and cultural descriptions of their peoples in the nineteenth century.

Native Americans have always been creative people who have used their words to tell stories about their lives. Written language is a product of civilization, which means it has had an impact on how Indians think and act. Before the written word, Indians communicated with one another by using tools such as paint, drawings, and music to tell each other stories that kept history alive after battles or other important events. These stories were meant to educate others about past events so they would not be repeated.

During this same time period, Europeans were also writing about their experiences with Indians. The first written accounts come from Spanish explorers in what are now the United States. They described Indian people as being peaceful until they were "converted" to Christianity upon entering into treaties with European countries. After this conversion, the Indians became warlike and refused to give up their ways of hunting and fighting.

This written record of Indians' activities ends in the mid-nineteenth century when Indians started publishing their own histories and essays. At this point, Indians were no longer willing to let historians know about their past actions through treaties or in battle.

What is the Native American oral literature?

The term "Native American oral literature" is defined in this article in such a way that it will be useful in the disciplines of Native American studies, American literature, anthropology, history, religious studies, and folklore, as well as to nonacademics who just appreciate the...

Oral tradition refers to the preservation of knowledge through speech rather than writing. In the context of Native America, this knowledge includes stories, songs, proverbs, and rituals. The term "oral tradition" was coined by Edward Evans-Wentz in 1886. He used it to describe the mode of transmission of culture among the Tibetans.

There are several types of oral literature in existence today. Some examples include epic poems, tales, fables, jokes, chants, prayers, and sermons. There may be only one narrator or speaker of a story or poem, or multiple speakers may debate certain issues within the text. Sometimes authors add commentary or explanations before and after their works to help readers understand the significance of what is being said.

An example of an oral tradition that has been passed down for hundreds of years is that of the Cherokee people. These stories were told by elders to new children born into the tribe. They were also told to students at schools built by the United States government for its indigenous peoples. Today, some versions of these stories are told in formal ceremonies conducted by skilled storytellers.

About Article Author

Edward Vazquez

Edward Vazquez is a writer and editor who enjoys his job more than anything else in the world. He loves to spend time with his family, read books about writing, and help people with their own writing projects.

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