The Odyssey of Homer is a Greek epic poem that accounts of Odysseus' return trip to Ithaca following the Trojan War, which Homer addressed in The Iliad. Odysseus' desire to return to his island and evict the suitors is based on the strength of his love for home and family. The poem also includes a sequel, The Odyssey of Odysseus by Nikolaos Bithynios.
Odyssey is considered one of the classics of ancient Greek literature. It was probably written between the 8th and 6th centuries BC. The poet's main source of information about Troy may have been the writings of Homer himself, who lived around 700 years before Odysseus returned from war.
In addition to its value as a historical document, the poem is important for being one of the first works of art to be published. Its publication in book form made it available to a wider audience than just those who could attend public readings by the poet. Books became popular after the invention of paper in China around 220 A.D. By then writing materials were already available in Europe but they were not sold in shops or in stores carried by merchants. People had to go to monasteries or schools where teachers used parchment or papyrus sheets for writing lessons or textbooks. The Odyssey was the first printed book and it helped spread knowledge about Greece beyond the borders of the country.
"The Odyssey" follows Odysseus as he attempts to return home after the Trojan War. This lesson will teach you about the topics of this well-known Greek masterpiece. The Odyssey is a Greek epic poem written in the late eighth century BCE by the Greek poet Homer. An epic is a story about a hero and his great acts. In this case, the main character is named Odysseus (meaning "bad smell") because nobody would fight for him during the war.
Odysseus was a king of Ithaca, one of four kingdoms making up ancient Greece. He was married to Penelope, who we are told had such qualities that her suitors wanted to marry her. She even went so far as to have a large, public wedding ceremony so that she could later divorce Odysseus if he returned from war.
It seems that Odysseus had been gone for ten years at the time the poem starts, so it is possible that he had fallen out of favor with his kingdom and had to leave it to go to war somewhere else. However, the text does not tell us where he went or why, so we can only speculate. Some think he may have gone to Rome because many leaders at that time did not want any wars to break out but instead wanted to avoid being involved in them so they would not lose face before their subjects.
Another possibility is that he went to Egypt because they were on good terms with each other at the time.
The Odyssey is set in ancient Greece and tells the story of the hero Odysseus' long-awaited homecoming from the Trojan War to his hometown, Ithaca, after 10 years of traveling. The poem's primary action takes place on Ithaca, when a disguised Odysseus arrives there in Book 13. His return is anticipated with joy by his family but also with fear by his neighbors, who believe he has been killed in the war.
Odysseus escapes death at the hands of the all-powerful king Agamemnon and returns home to his wife Penelope and their children, while trying to avoid being killed by her jealous husband, the most powerful man in the kingdom. According to Greek mythology, Penelope had taken vows of eternal celibacy during her husband's absence and was required to live out her days alone while her husband fought wars for seven years before returning home.
In Book 24 of the poem, Odysseus finally reveals himself to his family, who are overjoyed, and he also reveals that he has been away fighting the Trojan War. However, the goddess Athena orders him to leave again immediately because another great warrior, Diomedes, has been killed. Filled with grief, Odysseus leaves his family once more and travels back to Troy where the war continues. He eventually kills Diomedes' murderer and returns home in Book 25 of the poem. This time he stays with his family forever.
Homer's Odyssey is an epic poem that narrates the account of Odysseus' return home. While there are several conflicts that occur during the novel, which spans 20 years since that is how long it took Odysseus to return home after the Trojan War, the major conflict is Odysseus's attempt to return home. The people of Ithaca will not let him back into his house because they believe he is dead.
Odysseus escapes from the war by hiding inside a wooden horse as a gift for the king of Troy. When the horse is taken into battle, Odysseus lies down inside it and lets it go. He manages to escape with some of the other soldiers who were also hiding inside the horse. After the war, Odysseus seeks out Poseidon (the god of the sea) in hope that he can find a way home. Poseidon agrees to help him if he can only stay away from home for seven years. When Odysseus finally does return home, he is not allowed in unless his wife, Penelope, has not found another husband since he went away.
Poseidon helps Odysseus by giving him directions across the ocean where he encounters different dangers such as pirates and giant fish. Once he reaches land, Odysseus tries to find a way back to Ithaca but this time he uses his wits rather than relying on chance.
What exactly is the Odyssey? The Odyssey is a 24-book epic poem attributed to the ancient Greek poet Homer. The poem tells the narrative of Odysseus, King of Ithaca, who wanders for ten years (despite the poem's action only lasts six weeks) seeking to return home after the Trojan War. It takes place in Greece, around the time it was being formed as a country.
Odyssey was probably written by several poets over a long period of time. The first two books are thought to be the work of an early poet named Homer, who lived about 800 B.C. He may have been inspired by actual events that took place around the time he wrote about them.
In addition to being a great storyteller, Homer seems also to have been a very effective political writer too. One of his poems refers to an official position called "archaeologist", which was probably used to describe someone who searched through Troy for treasure. This position must have been important since it was usually held by one of the most powerful men in the kingdom.
Homer's ability to get his audience to feel what he wanted them to make him quite popular among people who knew nothing about poetry. His songs were probably sung at public events such as religious rites or battles. People would want to hear them again and again and so they would be copied by singers working from memory.