A verse in popular music closely correlates to a poetry stanza since it has rhyming lyrics, most commonly using an AABB or ABAB rhyme pattern. When two or more portions of a song have almost similar music but separate words, each piece is treated as one verse.
A chorus is another term for a refrains section, which typically comes at the end of a song and often repeats the title or main idea of the song. The word "chorus" comes from the Greek khrusos, meaning "call" or "crowded place". Since songs are usually sung with a crowd, including children, this part of the song is where they call out the name of the song for all to hear.
An intro is another term for a prelude section, which often sets the stage for the rest of the song by describing the scene or situation that the song's protagonist is facing. The word "intro" comes from the Latin intra, meaning "within". This part of the song is used to attract listeners' attention so they will listen to the rest of the song.
A break is when the music stops while the singer takes a moment to breathe or change instruments. In pop music, these moments can be as short as a few seconds but sometimes they are longer (for example, during a guitar solo) when you need time to play something new.
The word "verse" comes from the Latin word "versus," which means "in turn." A verse section is divided by a line drawn down the page, so it is clear which part will be sung next.
There are four common verse forms: the ballad verse, the march verse, the recitative verse, and the song verse. Each form has its own unique structure and function, but all can be divided into three distinct sections: the introduction, the body, and the conclusion.
The introduction sets up the situation that the song is going to resolve. It may also include some musical details used later in the song to help define the character of the story being told. For example, the guitar might play a few notes over the drum beat at the beginning of Bob Dylan's song "Mr. Tambourine Man" to suggest that this strange man who keeps appearing on stage with a tambourine is probably not very good for anyone's health.
The bodies of the songs tell what happens to the characters involved. They are usually short, rhyming lines that describe what the characters feel or think.
Stanza. Two or more lines of poetry that together comprise one of a poem's divisions. A poem's stanzas are generally the same length and follow the same meter and rhyme pattern. However, some poets may vary their stanza lengths or omit certain stanzas all together.
There are many different types of stanzas. Here are the three most common:
Parallel Stanzas: These have the same metered line structure with identical final words. They can be thought of as two side-by-side rows of poetry lines. For example, one might say that the first stanza of William Wordsworth's "Daffodil" consists of a parallel set of four lines:
"Daffodils," by William Wordsworth
The waves beside them rolled; but they were not aware of this;/ So deep in love were they.
This type of stanza is commonly used to show contrast between two subjects. In this case, the first stanza contrasts the daffodils' true beauty with the vain glory of man. The second stanza does the same thing while also showing how much the girls had changed since we last saw them.
Stanzas are poetry paragraphs, whereas music is poetry set to music. The phrase is really comparable to a song verse, although it is most typically associated with classical poems, particularly the 8-line verse in extended compositions. In songs, however, any text of up to about 15 lines can be considered a verse.
Within the classical tradition, an octave verse is composed of eight lines containing an identical sequence of syllables that repeat at the end of each line. The first line usually begins with a capital letter, the rest begin with lowercase letters. Some examples are: "BAAACKOSDEYEÇŞİŞTİN/ TATAMUDI YANIT OLDU" (Ludwig van Beethoven) or "ONE TO ANOTHER MY LOVE HAS ROLLED / ALONG THE STARS I'VE LOOKED AT WITH YOU" (Eric Clapton).
There are other forms of verse used in classical poetry, such as iambic pentameter and dactylic hexameter, but an octave verse is the most common form found in extended poems.
In addition to these longer poems, shorter pieces may also be divided into verses. This is most commonly done when setting prose texts to music, since musical phrases can be represented by either three or four lines of text.
A ballad stanza is made up of four lines with an abcb rhyme system. The first and third lines have four accented syllables, whereas the second and fourth lines have three accented syllables. A ballad's usage of supernatural aspects is essential.
Thus, a ballad is a poem that is usually about 150 lines long and often tells a story using music to enhance the mood.
There are many different types of poems, such as sonnets, villanies, faines, and ballads. Sonnets are thought by some to be related to love, while others believe them to be associated with hate. Either way, they are mostly composed of fourteen lines with three quatrains and five sestets. A villany is a short satirical poem that mocks someone using obscene language. Faines are mournful songs for a funeral service or other solemn occasion. Ballads are popular in England and some other countries but are rarely found in American poetry. They use music to tell a story with twelve-syllable lines divided into two six-line stanzas.
Ballads are important to study because they were very popular in the past but are not as common today. However, they still make appearances in modern poetry because many poets feel that they are an essential part of any good poem.
Song verses are frequently repeated, much like the chorus. Songs, on the other hand, can contain one or many verses. Verse, as opposed to chorus, includes changing lyrics on each repeat while maintaining the same tune. A chorus's lyrical and musical aspects are often consistent. A verse can use similar language to the chorus but it can also use different words.
Many songs only have one verse. If you know the song well, you can usually figure out how it ends even if you haven't heard it in a while.
Some songs, however, contain several verses. These songs are called "verse poems" because each verse resembles a line of poetry. Many popular songs, such as "Somewhere Over the Rainbow", contain three verses followed by a fourth section called a refrain. The refrain returns to the beginning of the poem every time it is sung, allowing the singer to take a breath before continuing with the next line.
Songs with more than four sections (often referred to as stanzas) are called hymns. Lyrically, they follow a similar structure to a poem with distinct lines that include both subject matters and metaphors. Musically, they tend to use chord progressions that recur at the end of each section.