Africa is referred regarded as the pagan land. The solution is at the conclusion of the poem, in line 7, when the speaker says, "Remember, Christians, Negros, black as Cain..." In other words, blacks are as guilty as white people.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, pagan means "adherent of a pagan religion" or "believer in a pagan god/godess". So, a pagan is one who believes in pagan gods. In other words, a Christian is one who believes in Jesus Christ, but someone can be a Christian and still believe in pagan gods too. That's why this definition of pagan land is wrong because Africa has many non-Christian nations in it so it cannot be called a pagan land.
Paganism is a term used by both Christians and atheists to describe religions that aren't considered official within their own faith. Both groups use the term to describe beliefs they don't agree with. But unlike Christians who believe only in God and Jesus Christ, pagans believe in various gods from all over the world. Some pagan leaders have even said that there are too many gods for any single person to have created them all so they must have come from somewhere else besides God.
What is the poem's approach to blending Christian and pagan myth? According to the narrator, following his exile for murdering his brother, Cain became the father of "all those awful breeds: ogres, elves, and phantoms that warred with God for a long time," which is not an authentic rendition of the Genesis event. Rather, it is a revision of the story done by other nations after hearing about the events in Egypt from "the men of old" (lots of biblical allusions here).
Cain also has many pagan practices adopted into his culture. For example, when he murders his brother, he commits "sacrilege" because he wants to become "like God". This is a reference to actual pagans who would murder their own brothers to assume their power or in hopes of becoming immortal. Also, when traveling through land owned by someone else, Cain could not resist planting his flag so he could claim it as his own. This is like actual pagans who would plant their flags near sacred places to claim ownership over them.
In conclusion, this poem blends Christian and pagan myth because it takes parts of the Bible that describe real events and revises them using other sources of information. These other sources of information include things like ancient myths that have been preserved in writing.
However, there is a tiny story in her poem when the speaker says, "carried me from my Pagan nation." So, the speaker is a slave who was transported from Africa to America by "mercy," and it is mercy who turns the speaker to Christianity, something she knew nothing about in Africa.
Wheatley probably has in mind the fact that slaves were often taken far away from their homes and countries to be sold as commodities, particularly during the trans-Atlantic slave trade. The phrase "Pagan Nation" may also refer to ancient Rome, which at the time had vast lands all over the world where slaves were kept.
In conclusion, Wheatley does not want us to think that African Americans were only ever slaves, but rather they were first nations people with a culture of their own who were brutally oppressed by white Europeans.
Pagan is derived from the Latin term paganus, which meaning "country inhabitant"; paganism can refer to polytheism or the worship of several gods, as in ancient Rome. In English, pagan has come to have a negative connotation and means "non-Christian". However, its original meaning was "country dweller", which is where the word's origin comes in.
In classical Latin, pagan meant "country dweller" and did not include people who lived in cities. The Latin word for city dweller was urbanae civis, or simply urbanus. Only when the Roman empire adopted Christianity as its state religion in A.D. 321 did pagan come to be used in a religious sense, as well.
During the time of the early Christian church, being a "pagan" meant that you didn't believe in Jesus Christ. His followers were often called "Christians" because of their belief in him. So, in essence, we call those who don't believe in God and instead worship money, success, and power "pagans" because they are following the path that led up to Jesus' birth and the start of his message.