Parenthetical citations are references to original sources that exist in your paper's text. This allows the reader to know where your information originates from right away and saves you the work of creating footnotes or endnotes. Parenthetical citations appear within the main body of your essay as well as at the end before a list of references.
There are two types of parenthesis used in academic writing: single and double. Single parentheses indicate that you have taken information from one source and placed it in your own words. Double parentheses indicate that you have taken information from two different sources and woven them together into one sentence. These are just examples; use your best judgment based on what kind of effect you want to achieve with your citation.
When writing your essay, remember that you are not only describing what happened in the story but also explaining how and why it matters today. For example, if you were writing about Alexander Hamilton, you would need to explain who he was and how his ideas influence government leaders today. Include both historical context and intellectual content in your essay so that your readers understand both why the story is important now as well as what makes it unique.
As you write your essay, think about how you can best show the reader how and why this event is significant by including relevant details from both past and present experiences.
A parenthetical citation is one that appears in the body of a work and refers to the original source. It allows readers to see where the cited material is derived from. The work referenced page is always at the conclusion of a work and contains the total of all the citations used in the work. These pages are usually included as part of the reference section of the work.
Parentheticals can be used instead of footnotes for short quotations or excerpts. While footnotes are attached to specific words or phrases, parentheticals are placed at the end of a sentence or paragraph. Because there is no attachment point, anyone who wants to can read between the lines, so to speak, to find the parenthetical citations.
Works cited lists are important academic tools that allow readers to know where information came from. They help students understand the importance of sources and give credit to those who have gone before them. Works cited lists also make it easier for researchers to compare sources by listing them in order of preference (most preferred + less preferred).
In addition to providing information about your sources, works cited lists are often included in bibliographies and references sections of papers. As you write your own papers, please remember to include these important academic tools!
When used together, the WorksCite and parenthetical citations pages inform readers about the sources you used to write your article, allowing them to either validate your interpretation of the sources or use them in their own scholarly work. These notes are also important for search engines to identify relevant information about your article.
Parenthetical citations are used when a writer wants to refer to a passage but doesn't want to type the entire sentence or verse. The phrase "see page xi" is an example of this usage; the citation refers reader to page 11 of a book. Parentheses are used when the word "which" separates two items that should be considered simultaneously. For example, if an author has written that lions are carnivorous animals that belong to the cat family, then someone could argue that pigs are also carnivorous animals that belong to the cat family by saying that "lions are seen with prey, so pigs may also be." Using parentheses, the argument would state that "lions are seen with prey, so (pp. 12-13) pigs are also seen with prey." This method of citation allows researchers to look at both lions and pigs as examples of carnivorous animals without being limited to just one species.
Within the text of your article, parenthetical citations can be used to note specific details or arguments made within the work cited.
A parenthetical reference (sometimes known as a "in-text" citation) is a reference to one of your bibliographical sources. Parenthetical reference is so named because it appears in parenthesis in the body of your work. Examples of parenthetical notes include references to books reviews, articles, chapters in books, and the like.
There are two types of parenthetical notes: descriptive and explanatory. Descriptive notes give a brief description of the source. Explanatory notes provide more detail about the source. For example, an author could describe a book review as "a short piece that discusses what aspects of the book are most interesting or useful," and go on to discuss those aspects in greater detail.
When writing up citations for your worksheets, be sure to include both descriptive and explanatory notes. This will help students understand how you used certain sources and what information they can use when reading other works of literature.
Parenthetical notes appear in the bibliography or acknowledgments sections of your papers or reports. These are optional sections that allow you to list all of your sources, including articles, books, websites, and people. You should include only reliable sources of information in your bibliography or acknowledgments. Reliable sources are ones that have been approved by academic journals that publish new content regularly.