Thomas Hardy worked in a wide range of poetry styles, including poems, ballads, satire, dramatic monologues, and conversation, as well as a three-volume epic closet drama, The Dynasts (1904–08), and although being a fairly traditional poet in certain aspects, he "was never conventional,"...
The writings of Thomas Hardy, an English novelist, poet, and dramatist, bridge the Victorian (about 1840–1900) and contemporary eras. They reveal him to be a kind and compassionate guy who is well aware of the anguish that humans endure in their battle for survival. He tries to convey this message through his works.
Hardy was born on February 12, 1840, in the town of Wessex, England. His father was a farmer and his mother was a housewife who encouraged her son to read many books when he was young. She also made sure he had enough to eat and got him out into the fresh air whenever possible.
Thomas's older brother Francis died when he was eight years old. This probably caused Thomas to develop a desire to avoid suffering and death at any cost. This attitude would later influence his writing career greatly.
After his brother's death, Hardy's parents sent him to live with his uncle who owned a school in the town of Dorchester. Here he learned how to write and understand money matters which would come in handy later in life. The school experience helped hard earn the respect of his teachers by doing what they asked quickly and correctly.
At age 16, Hardy decided to leave home to travel around Europe for a while. During his trip, he visited France, Switzerland, and Italy.
Thomas Hardy (born 2 June 1840 in Higher Bockhampton, Dorset, England—died 11 January 1928 in Dorchester, Dorset) was an English novelist and poet who set most of his work in Wessex, his nickname for the counties of southwestern England....
Hardy is best known for his novels which include Tess of the d'Urbervilles (1891), The Mayor of Casterbridge (1857), and Jude the Obscure (1895). He also published two collections of poems: Poems of Travel and Other Verses (1864) and Far From The Madding Crowd (1874).
Hardy is regarded as one of the major poets of the Victorian era and beyond. His work has been influential both in fiction and poetry.
During his lifetime, Hardy was popular among readers for his darkly humorous sketches of small-town life; today he is considered one of the founders of modern novel writing. In addition to writing novels and poems, Hardy worked as a schoolteacher and inspector of schools. He lived in London but spent much of his time in the town of Dorchester where many of his works are set.
Hardy's wife died when their only child was just three years old. This early death left a profound impact on him that can be seen in many of his writings.
I've claimed that poetry is the spontaneous outpouring of strong emotions; it springs from emotions recollected in peace. William Wordsworth, Preface to Lyrical Ballads (1798–1800).
Wordsworth believed that poetic inspiration was a gift from God and something that could be cultivated by any poet who wished to do so. In this spirit, he invented a term for what he called "lyrical poetry," which he defined as "a kind of poetry professing to give an account of itself, by expressing the most intense and vivid sensations" such as those found in poems by Homer and Virgil.
For example, in one of his best-known poems, "Tintern Abbey," Wordsworth describes a visit to the famous monastery near Liverpool, where he felt inspired by the scenery around him. This poem is considered a precursor to the Romantic movement in literature, because it uses words and images that would later be adopted by other poets who were interested in exploring feelings that they called "romantic": love, grief, nature, etc.
Here's the full text of the preface: "Lyrical ballads have a claim to our attention first, because they are the only species of my own production which it has been my fortune to discover at all.
Throughout his career as a poet, Hardy repeatedly criticized war as fruitless and destructive of life. However, this poem goes beyond just denouncing the issue. Hardy was always a meliorist, and this poem exemplifies his belief that man may triumph over the ills of war.
Hardy wrote several poems about the First World War, but this is one of the few that doesn't focus on a single incident or character. Instead, it presents an overview of the war by listing its many horrors -- men dying for no reason, children getting involved in violence, the destruction of beauty and nature. It's a bleak view of human nature that makes us want to do evil even when we know it's wrong. The last line also implies that humanity is doomed to repeat itself in future wars.
Hardy died in 1889 at the age of 55. By then, the Great War had ended, but another one had begun in Europe a few months later. This one would last longer and claim more lives than the first.
"The Darkling Thrush" was written by Thomas Hardy to describe his views about the world as it approached the twenty-first century. The thrush's unexpected singing made him feel hopeful since he believed the bird understood that the New Year will bring forth something joyful that the poet was ignorant of. When the thrush died, this hope was lost.
Hardy was an English poet known for his naturalist poetry and biographical novels. He was also a major influence on the modern revival of interest in Victorian literature and art. "The Darkling Thrush" was first published in 1866 during Hardy's early career when he was only twenty years old. It has been suggested that the poem was inspired by a blackbird that used to visit Hardy when he was a boy. However, there is no evidence to support this claim.
In the poem, Hardy describes the world before and after man has destroyed nature's balance. He believes that without this destruction, we would still be living in a state of innocence similar to what we knew when The Darkling Thrush was written. In the end, Hardy concludes that humanity will never be able to recover its balance since death has put an end to any possible future attempts at regeneration.
Hardy wrote several more poems including some about birds, but they were not as successful as "The Darkling Thrush". He died in 1940 just months before World War II began.