The "eye" or narrative voice through which you narrate a tale is referred to as the point of view. When writing a narrative, you must pick who will tell it and to whom it will be told. The choice of point of view can have a profound effect on the story being told.
There are three basic points of view from which a story can be narrated: first person, third person, and omniscient.
First person refers to a story told from the perspective of a particular character - usually but not always the narrator himself. First-person stories are often called "I" stories because they describe the thoughts and feelings of a single individual. Writers use various techniques to give the storyteller's experience life beyond that of the reader or listener. For example, they might show things from the storyteller's point of view by using adjectives such as "he saw red" to indicate that the character is angry, or they might change the physical setting to sound more real (e.g., "the ocean crashed against the beach"). First-person narratives are commonly found in memoirs and autobiographies.
Third person refers to a story told from the perspective of a character other than the narrator. In third-person narratives, events are described as if they were observed by a neutral outsider rather than by the protagonist herself.
The person speaking or narrating a narrative is referred to as the point of view. A tale can be narrated in the first person, second person, or third person (POV). A story's POV (point of view) is how the writer intends to transmit the experience to the reader.
There are three main types of points of view used in fiction: first person, second person and third person.
First Person Point of View
A story told from the first-person point of view is written in the voice of one character, usually describing what that character thinks and feels at each stage of the story. First-person narratives are often called "I" stories because the narrator is identified as "I". Examples include George Washington Iliad's "The Life of George Washington" by Dr. James Thomas Flexner or Tom Sawyer Is Indited by Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain.
A story told in the second-person point of view is written as if it were a conversation between two characters - one character speaking directly to the reader, the other spoken to by name. For example, Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire is told in the second person because J.K. Rowling uses an omniscient narrator but also includes scenes from the point of view of each character involved.
A tale's point of view is the standpoint through which the story is told. Writers can narrate their stories from one of three perspectives: First-person: mostly "I" or "us" Third-person: mostly use "he," "she," or "it," which can be restricted to single character knowledge—or omniscient—all-knowing. Second-person: tells us what someone thinks or feels about something.
First person allows the reader or listener to experience the events as they would if they were happening directly to the protagonist. Characters may use first person when they are telling the story from their own perspective, such as when they are talking about themselves in the past tense. Or they may use first person when they are describing things that they have seen with their own eyes, such as scenes from outside the window of their apartment.
Third person refers to characters who are not identified with any particular person. They are usually objects of interest to the main character(s). Examples include ships in a storm, animals, objects, etc. Third person is often used for descriptions of things that are not associated with any specific person or entity. For example, a writer might describe the scene before him/her by saying, "The reporter stood up and walked over to the desk." No name is given for the person being described, but we know it is a man because he is wearing a suit and has long hair. This shows that we are seeing the scene through his eyes.
POV is used by writers to describe the intimate emotions of themselves or their characters. The choice of POV affects how readers experience events and conversations.
There are three main types of point of view: first person, second person, and third person.
First Person Point of View (FPOV) refers to a story told from the single perspective of a particular character. This character could be a real person or a fictional one. Regardless of the character's identity, everything that they see or experience belongs to them alone. Therefore, only their own thoughts and feelings arise during the course of the story. FPOV allows the reader to experience what it is like to be the character, because they are telling the story from their own unique perspective.
Second Person Point of View (SPOV) refers to a story told from the dual perspectives of two characters. This type of narration gives the reader insight into the minds of both the protagonist and antagonist at times. It also provides information about the views other people have of the main characters. SPOV is most commonly used in novels where each chapter or section focuses on the thoughts of one character at a time.
A story's point of view is crucial because it helps the reader comprehend the characters' emotions and actions. Each character will have their own point of view, thus whomever is presenting the tale will influence the reader's perception of other characters and events.
For example, if I were to tell you the story from Jake's perspective, you would understand his feelings about Elizabeth when she left him at the end of Act 1. Since he was present for her entire decision process, he would know how she felt about him throughout this time. However, if I told the story from Betty's point of view, then I could explain why she wanted nothing to do with Jake at the end of Act 1 - she had just found out that he was engaged to be married!
There are three main points of view used in fiction: first-person, third-person, and omniscient. First-person stories are written from the protagonist's point of view; the reader becomes familiar with their thoughts and feelings during the course of the story. Third-person stories are written from a neutral point of view, usually that of a character who is not one of the protagonists; we learn what they think and feel through their eyes. Omniscient stories are written from a detached point of view, usually that of a narrator who is not one of the characters in the story.
The narrative point of view is the narrator's point of view. When the narrator tells the story in the first person, the narrative is told in the first person. The narrator in third-person restricted point of view is independent from the primary character yet remains near to that character's experience and deeds. The fourth-person narrative viewpoint can be called objective, because it gives a bird's-eye view of the action with only limited insight into individual characters' thoughts and feelings.
First-person narratives are stories told by an individual, usually about her or his own life. First-person narratives are often written in the present tense because it shows the reader what the protagonist experiences directly rather than explaining her actions through speech bubbles or as dialogue. First-person narratives may use "I" or "me" as the pronoun for the protagonist. Second-person narratives are stories told by one person to another, most commonly a parent talking to their child. These narratives are important for building relationships between adults and children. Third-person narratives are stories told by someone other than the protagonist. In general fiction, the narrator is a major character who interacts with the main character(s). In non-fiction, the narrator may be an expert on the subject being interviewed or may even play the role of reporter.