A report is a document that organizes and delivers information for a specified audience and purpose. Although report summaries may be presented orally, full reports are nearly generally delivered in the form of written papers.
The term "report" comes from Latin reports, which means "an account." Since the 14th century, reporters have taken notes during interviews or meetings and used them to create a written record of those conversations or events. Today, journalists often use tape recorders to capture sound files that are then edited and structured into articles or other media.
Reports come in many forms including news stories, case studies, analysis pieces, briefs, position papers, forecasts, surveys, self-evaluations, and more. The choice of medium should match the goal of the report. For example, a case study is typically written like a narrative but includes references and resources. A press release would be appropriate for announcing new policies or initiatives while a column is best suited for longer essays or interviews.
Reports can be as simple or complex as you want them to be. They may cover a single topic or issue or multiple topics or issues. Some reports are intended to inform others about an event or organization while others are meant to influence public opinion or policy.
A report is a written presentation of factual information based on study or inquiry. Reports are frequently used to solve issues or make choices in the fields of business and science. Reports vary in length; there are brief memorandum (memo) reports and large reports. Memo reports are usually one page in length, while larger reports often have several pages.
A report is also called document, paper, statement, account etc. According to its purpose, a report can be classified into four types: management reports, analytical reports, technical reports and general reports. Management reports are written to provide information about current activities and future plans required by managers. Analytical reports are used by staff members to analyze data obtained through experiments or studies. Technical reports include documents that describe methods or processes used in an industry or business. General reports include letters, memoirs, biographies and autobiographies.
Management reports are the most common type of report. They provide information about current activities and future plans required by managers. These reports can be divided into five parts: title page, summary, body, appendices and signature page. The title page should include a cover page with the manager's name and contact information. The summary includes a concise description of the report's contents, which allows readers to decide whether or not to purchase the entire report. The body of the report contains the actual information presented in a table or diagram. This part should be clear and easy to read.
A report is essentially a brief, crisp, succinct document created for a specific purpose and audience. It usually describes and analyzes a condition or issue, and it frequently makes recommendations for future action. Because it is a factual paper, it must be clear and well-structured. A report can be as simple as a single page describing an issue with some suggestions for how to resolve it, or it can be a full-blown document presenting evidence from several sources supporting the conclusion that a problem exists and offering solutions for addressing it.
Reports are used by organizations to communicate important information about their activities and services to key people within the organization and outside of it. These individuals could be customers, partners, or others who need to know what the organization is doing or has done. Reports also may be used by organizations to make themselves known to other organizations or agencies that regulate them or their competitors. For example, an industry group might publish a report on service quality in its sector to promote competitive behavior and to identify problems that need to be resolved.
Reports are often required by law to be published by public bodies. They can also be used by organizations to inform their own staff about changes in their policies or practices. For example, a hospital might publish a report detailing why patients continue to suffer after being treated at its facilities and making recommendations about how this problem should be resolved.
Reports are different from presentations.
A report is a detailed explanation of an issue or problem. A report is created for a specific purpose and for a specific audience. Newspaper reports, inquiry reports, progress or action-taken reports, police reports, meeting reports, and so on are all different types of reports, each with its own personality and structure.
This course will help you develop your writing skills by teaching you how to organize and write effective reports. You will learn how to choose the right format, design effective headers/footers, and use correct grammar and language. This course will also help you understand what makes a good report reader-friendly and engaging.
After completing this course, you will be able to:
Identify the various types of reports
Select the appropriate form for the purpose of the report
Design effective headers/footers
Use correct grammar and language
Understand what makes a good report reader-friendly and engaging
This course has been designed by leading education institutions in India. It uses simple language and easy-to-follow steps that ensure that even beginning writers can follow the course material.
This course provides comprehensive coverage of the topics listed below.
Reports are well-researched, prepared, and arranged papers created for a specific purpose. A report is created for a specific audience; it must be truthful and objective at all times. It is a brief research-based paper that analyzes a problem and occasionally gives recommendations. The term can also refer to a summary of these findings written by an individual or group.
Reports can be classified according to their target audience: internal reports are used by management to address issues that may arise within the company. These reports are usually based on extensive research and use analytical tools such as graphs and charts to simplify complex information for readers. External reports are sent to customers, investors, associations, etc., to explain organizational policies or activities. They often include raw data collected through surveys or experiments.
Internal reports contain the following elements: title, author(s), date published, organization(s) or company name, and location where it was created/published. While the type of paper used to create the report affects how you should write its body, there are certain basic components that always appear in reports. These include a cover page, table of contents, abstract, introduction, body, conclusion, references, and appendices.
The cover page is a page attached to the front of the document that includes the following information: title, author(s), date published, institution/company name, address, phone number, email address, and web site URL.
Reports are created to offer data regarding a scenario, project, or process while also defining and analyzing the problem at hand. A report's ultimate purpose is to transmit observations to a specified audience in a clear and succinct manner. Report writing requires proper research and organization of information before starting to write.
The first thing to decide when writing a report is what kind of report to write. There are four main types of reports: descriptive, analytical, summative, and promotional. Descriptive reports provide information about a topic or situation without expressing an opinion. Examples include news stories and historical documents. Analytical reports examine one or more topics or situations and make specific conclusions based on evidence collected during research. These reports can be found in academic settings and are often used by professionals such as psychologists and economists. Summative reports compare multiple issues or topics within a limited scope and reach a single conclusion. For example, a summary report might conclude that one subject is better than another without saying which it is. Promotional reports use facts and statistics to encourage others to take action such as through advertisements or social media. They can be found in business contexts.
After deciding what type of report to write, the next step is to define its purpose. This will help guide your research and writing efforts. Reports may be written for several reasons including sharing information, demonstrating understanding, attracting attention, and persuading others.