Reports are intended to be quickly and readily read. Often, only sections of a report are thoroughly read. Reports differ from essays in that they have a more formal format and often utilize numbers, headers, and sub-headings to denote parts. Headers and sub-heads are used to identify what is being discussed or presented.
Reports usually begin with a summary or executive summary. This section highlights key points of the document without getting into detail. It allows readers to get a quick sense of the content while still reading the entire report.
Next comes the introduction. Here the author explains the purpose of the report, who it is aimed at, and what problems it tries to solve. The introduction should be concise but accurate. Too much information in the introduction can slow down the reader instead of helping them understand the topic better.
The body of the report discusses the issues covered in the introduction through examples, statistics, case studies, and other forms of evidence. The conclusion summarizes the main ideas and points out possible future directions for research.
Executive summaries are generally shorter than full reports. They often cover the important details of the study while still keeping the text readable and interesting for readers.
Finally, reports may include references pages that list sources of information used in the report. These could be books, journals, websites, or even other reports.
One distinguishing aspect of reports is that they are systematically organized into parts. The usage of parts allows the reader to quickly get to the information they require. Understanding the role of each part can assist you in organizing your content and using the proper writing style.
The most basic part consists of a title page, a table of contents, and a body. The title page gives the reader an overview of the content while the body of the report describes what was found during the investigation. Both pages use headers which are large titles written in boldface or capitals to attract attention. They provide a brief overview of the contents of the report.
A research report also includes a list of sources used during the investigation. These documents include articles, books, conference papers, court cases, government documents, journals, newsletters, patents, newspaper clips, posters, websites, and Wikipedia entries. Sources provide evidence for the facts stated in the report. Including sources demonstrates that you have done some original work and read beyond textbooks to discover new information.
Sources should be referenced in the body of the report using footnotes. This allows readers to explore other relevant materials outside of the source document itself. Footnotes are identified by number in the text and located at the bottom of the page. They can be incorporated into the body of the report as well as the title page and bibliography.
Always keep the reader in mind when producing a report. Use a recognizable framework and be clear, succinct, and precise. All reports follow a similar format and may include:
A report is a document that organizes and delivers information for a specified audience and purpose. Although report summaries may be presented orally, full reports are nearly generally delivered in the form of written papers. Reports can be as simple as a list of recommendations for an issue before the parliament or as extensive as a presidential annual state of the union address.
Reports are used by governments to inform their constituencies about current issues facing their countries or territories, such as national elections or referendums. They also provide information about government policies and activities that affect individual citizens or groups. Finally, reports can be used to communicate important messages regarding emergencies or disasters.
The word "report" comes from the Old French reparu, meaning to turn back, which is why newspapers often use the term "reporter" to describe people who write stories about events that they was not present at.
In journalism, a press release is a statement issued by an organization that is intended to be published by a news service. Press releases should not be considered official statements by the organizations they represent. They are usually distributed by email to journalists.
News articles are written by journalists who want to share information with their readers. These pieces can be as short as one sentence or as long as several pages. Most have a headline that gives a brief overview of the story contained within them.