Many aspects can be used to structure a poem. Rhyme is likely the most ubiquitous of these characteristics, appearing in many artistic works ranging from limericks to epic poems to pop lyrics. But meter, which enforces a precise length and emphasis on a given line of poetry, is as vital. Modern poets often cite Blake as an influence for his use of meter in his illuminated books.
Rhyme is the repetition of words or phrases with the same ending or sound pattern but without any additional meaning or suggestion. Thus, it is what makes certain lines of poetry feel harmonious rather than chaotic. A poet may choose to use all monosyllabic words for a piece of artful simplicity, or they may use multiple forms of the same word (polysyllables) to create more vivid imagery. Either way, rhyme is essential to creating a complete picture in someone's mind when reading a poem.
Meter is the pattern used by a writer to arrange their words into lines of poetry. It can vary depending on the form of the poem, such as how long each line is or whether it has stanzas. But generally, meter is either iambic pentameter or iambic tetrameter. In iambic pentameter, each line ends in a five-beat sequence: stress, unstress, unstress, stress, unstress.
Rhyming lines and meter, the rhythm and emphasis of a line based on syllable beats, can be used to organize poems. Poems can also be freeform, meaning they have no formal structure. A stanza is the fundamental building component of a poem. It is a sequence of lines, usually three or five, that form a complete unit. By varying the words within a stanza and changing the order of the stanzas, poets are able to create many different poems with similar rhythmic patterns.
Every poem is made up of words. The relationship between the words and the meaning of the poem are what makes it poetic. A poet uses language to express ideas, feelings, and perceptions, so every poem has a specific purpose. Some poems are informative; others make us think; some make us laugh; others bring us comfort. The choice of words affects how other people will perceive the poem's meaning.
A poem can be as simple as a few words written on a piece of paper or as complex as a novel. Whatever its length, it must have a beginning, middle, and end. The beginning signals to the reader that this is a poem and provides context for what is to come. The ending tells the reader when to stop reading. In between these two points, various parts may arise which describe an experience or thought process. These sections are called stanzas because they are divided by lines (or verses).
Poems are usually written in poetry as opposed to prose. They might contain entire or unfinished sentences and frequently have a rhythm. Remember that poetry do not have to rhyme. Poetry can be classified according to many different types of patterns including iambic pentameter, blank verse, and sonnet.
Poems also tend to follow certain patterns in structure. Most poems consist of a sequence of lines or stanzas. This pattern is known as the poem's form. The forms most commonly used by poets include the sonnet, ode, epigram, limerick, villanelle, and pantoum. There are many more possibilities for form, such as the sestet (a six-line poem with no formal ending), and it's important to know some other poets' work so you don't limit yourself creatively.
Beyond form, there are other patterns that often appear in poems. One pattern common in ancient Chinese poems is the couplet. This type of poem consists of two lines consisting of four characters each, except for the last line which may have five characters. Ancient Greek and Roman poets used this form too. Many English poems are composed of three quatrains followed by a final rhyming couplet. This pattern is called a quatrain. French and Spanish poets also use this form.