Rumi (1207–1273 CE) was a Persian Muslim poet, jurist, Islamic philosopher, theologian, and Sufi mystic who lived in the 13th century. Rumi's influence extends beyond national and ethnic boundaries in the Muslim world and beyond. His poetry have been widely translated into numerous languages throughout the world.
He is best known for his collection of poems called The Divan ("Discourses") which are divided into thirty-three chapters describing various aspects of human life and experience. Many of these poems deal with the tension between the material world and the spiritual realm and explore such topics as love, friendship, death, the soul, temptation, forgiveness, humility, and the divine.
In addition to being one of the most popular poets in the world, Rumi has been cited by many major figures in philosophy, theology, and the arts during the Middle Ages and today. He has been described as "the most famous poet of the Islamic world before Shakespeare."
Rumi started writing when he was 30 years old and finished his last collection of poems two years before his death at the age of 66.
During his lifetime, Rumi received many requests from people seeking his advice on religious issues as well as questions about how to live their lives. In response to these inquiries, Rumi composed letters or poems called 'amsts' ('answers').
Rumi was an experimental pioneer among Persian poets and a Sufi master," says Jawid Mojaddedi, a Rutgers University researcher of early and medieval Sufism and award-winning Rumi translator. "His current success stems from this combination of mystical depth and daring modifications of poetry genres. "He had such a deep understanding of human nature and his poems are very moving," adds Mojaddedi.
Rumi lived in what is now Turkey in the 13th century. He was born into a wealthy family as the son of a judge but lost them when he was young. He traveled across Asia Minor (present-day Turkey) with his father who worked as a judge and later became a governor. This experience must have influenced his views on justice and politics.
When his father died, Rumi went back to his native city of Konya where he spent the rest of his life. He married at age 30 and had six children. But even though he was married, he also had many relationships with women who helped him understand themselves and the world around them. This is one reason why Rumi's work is so relevant today.
He started writing down his thoughts and experiences in the form of poems which they call "quatrains". Then follows a description of the unknown thing or someone about whom you know nothing.
Rumi is an Arabic-originated Muslim girl's name with many meanings. The corresponding fortunate number is 7. It was originally used to describe a beautiful river in Persia, but it is now used as a given name.
The meaning of the name is "moon" or "month".
Rumi was one of the nine children of Shams al-Din Mohammad Al-Ghori (1142–1230), who was an eminent military commander and statesman of the Mamluk Sultanate. He served as governor of what is present-day India from 1176 to his death in 1230. His daughter Mihriz, wife of Alaeddin Eddine, was known for her wisdom and piety. She is regarded as one of the leading Sufi poets of all time.
As far as religion is concerned, Rumi was born into a devout family. Her father Shams al-Din loved music and poetry, which were popular at that time among the cultured people of the world. He used to invite scholars to help educate his children. Thus, the young Rumi grew up among books and teachers.
When she reached the age of eight, her father died.
He is generally known as "Rumi," an Arabic name that literally means "Roman." He got this name because he spent a lot of time in the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum in Anatolia, which had previously seized the territory from the Eastern Roman, or Byzantine, Empire. There, he met many great scholars and teachers who had ideas and ways of thinking all their own, which influenced him greatly.
He also traveled to many other countries including Iran, India, and China, so he is referred to as the "Seeker of Knowledge."
His real name was Jalaluddin Muhammad Balkhi. He was born on April 23, 1207, in what is now Afghanistan. His father was a wealthy merchant who owned a large trading business in Kabul. When Rumi was twenty-one years old, his father died leaving a large debt burden behind. To pay off this debt, Rumi went to Istanbul where he lived for several years studying theology and philosophy.
During his time in Istanbul, he married into money and social status, marrying his wife Kayla for her wealth. After some time, she left him for someone else, which hurt Rumi deeply. Despite this, he still believes women should be equal to men and not be treated as slaves.
Later on in his life, he would meet many more women who would leave husbands or spouses for him.