"Satire is a kind of poetry, without a series of actions, invented for the purging of our minds, in which human vices, ignorance, and errors, and all things besides, which are produced from them in every man, are severely reprehended, partly dramatically," Heinsius writes in his dissertation on Horace. "It was this idea that Shakespeare developed further in his plays, especially A Comedy of Errors, where he satirized both classical and modern ideas about love."
In a more general sense, satire means "a comic representation of something usually taken seriously": political satire, literary satire. Satiric cartoons are used by newspapers to make fun of public figures.
In literature, satire involves attacking vice, folly, or injustice through humor. It is often used to criticize politicians, judges, authors, etc. Satiric poems also serve as antidotes to poison, clean wounds, and relieve pain. In addition, flowers associated with satire include bergamot, hyacinth, jasmine, larkspur, lilac, narcissus, and tulip.
John Dryden (1631-1700) was an English poet, dramatist, and critic. His major works include The Essayes or Studies (1633), Absalom and Achitophel (1681), and Macbeth (1623).
Satire began with the ancient Greeks but came into its own in ancient Rome, where the "fathers" of satire, Horace and Juvenal, had their names given to the two basic types of satire (Applebee 584). Horatian satire is "playfully amusing" and tries to effect change gently and with understanding (584). Juventian satire is "scornful and biting" and uses exaggeration and irony to make its points (584).
Other notable early satires include Those Famous Days by Ben Jonson and The Anatomy of Melancholy by Robert Burton. These works are important because they show that satire was already being used as a political tool by these poets. Also worth mentioning are the satires of Lupercalia by Petronius and those of Andrew Marvell.
Satirists such as Horace and Juvenal focused on social issues, while Petronius and Marvell took aim at corruption in government. These kinds of satires can still be found in newspapers today. For example, cartoons are often used to satirize politicians or public figures.
Horace and Juvenal are usually considered the founders of modern satire, but there are also hints that they were influenced by other writers such as Cicero, Catullus, and Lucilius. Some have even suggested that they may have read some of their works out loud at dinner parties!
Satire is a writing approach that uses humor, irony, exaggeration, or mockery to expose and critique the folly and depravity of a person or a society. It seeks to better mankind by condemning its faults and shortcomings. Thus, the main purpose of satire is to make people think.
Satire has been used for many reasons over time. Some use it to protest something they believe is wrong with society or someone they feel needs to be criticized. Others use it as a form of entertainment, others still use it to advance their own personal agenda. No matter what reason you give for doing so, you can't deny that satire has the power to influence people into thinking about certain issues and making them want to do something about them.
Satire is a literary method used to expose or remedy a folly or vice via clever satire. Satire employs humor, disgust, derision, or anger towards a defective issue with the hopes of raising awareness and resulting in change. Satirists often use exaggerated, fictional characters to convey their points about society.
Some characteristics of satire include: humor, irony, ridicule, scorn, indignation, or anger used to expose or remedy a folly or vice.
Other types of literature that employ these traits include anecdotes, essays, fables, novels, poems, stories, sketches, etc.
The purpose of satire is to make people think and act differently by using humor and other techniques. Satirists hope this will result in better society or at least lead to changes that would stop future folly.
Thus, satire has many purposes, such as exposing hypocrisy, injustice, etc., while at the same time providing some kind of moral lesson.
The Brainly website was launched in India in February 2014 by Indian entrepreneur Anand Mahindra. The site offers "learning videos" that cover topics from mathematics to psychology, with questions written by Brainly's editors and users. The site claims to have more than 10 million monthly active users who watch approximately 100 million video lessons across all its apps. In addition, Brainly has expanded into an online textbook rental service called LearnBank where students can borrow over 1,500 books for elementary through high school levels.
In September 2015, Brainly announced that it had raised $50 million in funding led by Japan's Media Capital Partners with participation from existing investors SA Investments, Ratan Tata, and Accel Partners.
Brainly's mission is to make learning fun by creating simple, intuitive videos that increase student engagement and help them understand difficult concepts. The company aims to reach out to poor communities in India that lack adequate education facilities by offering free membership to students from low-income families.