Self-censorship happens when journalists purposefully alter their expression out of fear of, or deference to, the sensitivities or preferences (real or perceived) of others, and without overt coercion from any single party or institution of power. It can be applied to an entire news organization or individual reporters or editors. Self-censorship may be motivated by factors such as political pressure from above or below, financial concerns, personal biases, or simple lack of knowledge. In extreme cases, it can lead to censorship, which is the suppression of ideas they find unacceptable because of their content or potential impact.
Self-censorship has been a constant issue for journalists since the beginning of journalism itself. From the beginning, there have been those who have sought to suppress certain types of information by murder, intimidation, and law enforcement action. However, today, self-censorship is more common as journalists struggle with how to report on sensitive issues while still being accepted by their audience.
Some examples of self-censorship include editors removing articles from newspapers, reporters not covering certain topics, and organizations refusing to hire journalists because of their past work or present views. Many times, these actions are taken without calling attention to them because people involved want to preserve their relationships with readers, viewers, or donors.
Self-censorship is the act of filtering or categorizing one's own speech. This is done out of fear of, or deference to, the sensitivities or preferences (real or imagined) of others, and without overt coercion from any single party or authoritative institution. It can be an effective tool in reducing negative social consequences for certain actions. However it can also be used as a mechanism for censorship.
The concept has been applied to art, literature, music, film, television, video games, computers, and other forms of expression that are not required by law to be censored. Self-censorship is often considered as a form of indirect censorship because it usually involves some degree of omission, such as removing or altering topics that are controversial or unpopular within certain groups.
It can also be called internal repression, internalization of norms, or normative self-regulation.
The act or behavior of refraining from expressing anything that others may find offensive (such as a notion, point of view, or opinion). How does self-censorship affect the accuracy and predictive validity of opinion polls? — The tendency of respondents to avoid expressing opinions that might be viewed as controversial or distasteful will influence opinion polls to some extent. Respondents may be more or less likely to say what they really think depending on how questions are phrased. -" self-censorship
Self-censorship is the suppression of creative expression due to fears of punishment or disapproval by authority figures. It can be used as a form of social control by people who fear their beliefs might be different from those around them. The term is also used in reference to artistic creations that would cause discomfort for its creator. For example, an author might censor themselves by not writing something that would be considered controversial or distasteful.
People often censor themselves when they feel like they should behave differently than they actually do. This is called internalized oppression. Censoring yourself is a way to cope with these feelings of oppression.
An example of external oppression that causes people to censor themselves is the Chinese government's censorship of political content on social media. They do this to prevent their citizens from thinking critically about their government because this would put them at risk of suffering internal oppression.
Internet censorship is described as the suppression or restriction of what a person may read, publish, or access when browsing the internet on their own initiative. Self-censorship is a behavior that individuals and organizations can participate in at any moment. There are religious, moral, and even commercial grounds for such a behavior. When an individual or organization decides to censor themselves, it is known as self-censorship.
There are two types of self-censorship: overt and covert. Overt self-censorship is obvious and comes in three forms: removal of content, modification or alteration of content, and passive resistance or inaction. An example of this would be someone removing themselves from a social networking site because they do not want to be exposed to certain ideas or opinions. Covert self-censorship involves more subtle actions such as limiting the number of searches conducted, using specific search terms, and avoiding certain websites. It can also involve helping other people to conceal information by telling them about issues with their jobs or housing situations for example.
Overt self-censorship is much easier to identify than covert self-censorship, but it cannot be used as a single indicator of whether or not people are engaging in this behavior. For example, someone could remove themselves from Facebook while still accessing the website via a private browser screen shot. This would be considered covert self-censorship since they are hiding their activity or connection to Facebook but still getting the benefits of being part of this social network.