The adult literacy rate is the percentage of adults aged 15 and up who can read and write a brief, straightforward statement about their daily lives. Tanzania's literacy rate in 2015 was 77.89%, a 0.21 percent decrease from 2012. Men were more likely to be literate than women (88.5% vs 75.3%). Also, the illiteracy rate was lower among younger people—0.6% for those age 15-24—than among older people (7.9% for those 55+). In addition, the illiteracy rate was higher among certain groups within the population.
Tanzania has one of the highest rates of adult literacy in Africa. The country's literacy rate in 2015 was 77.89%, compared with an average of 53.8% across Africa.
Women were less likely to be literate than men. In 2015, only 75.3% of women were able to read. This number was down from 88.5% in 1992. For men, the figure was unchanged over time: 89.4%.
Age plays a large role in literacy rates. People ages 15-24 had the lowest rate of illiteracy at 0.6%, while people ages 60+ had the highest rate at 7.9%.
Income also affects literacy rates.
Kenya's literacy rate was 81.54 percent in 2018, up 2.8 percent from 2014. Kenya's literacy rate in 2014 was 78.73 percent, an increase of 6.58 percent from 2007. Women are more likely to be literate than men; in 2008, 89.02 percent of women were enrolled in school, compared with 71.68 percent of men.
Kenya has one of the highest rates of growth in literacy of any country in Africa. From 2004 to 2008, the adult literacy rate increased by 4.5 percent, which was more than any other African country. In that period, approximately 790,000 people were added to the literacy force.
During Kenya's long-running civil unrest, many schools were not open or closed early, so learning opportunities were missed. However, some groups have been able to use this time to develop literacy programs. For example, soldiers who lost their jobs due to prolonged displacement after the collapse of public order may not have time to learn new skills and therefore become marginalized within society. These individuals could be targets for recruitment into programs designed to improve their reading abilities.
Another group that has used violence as a means of gaining power is the al Shabaab militia. This extremist group has imposed its own version of Islam on areas where it has taken control.
Ghana's literacy rate in 2018 was 79.04 percent, up 7.54 percent from 2010. The gender gap in literacy rates has been narrowing since 1998, but women remain less likely to be literate than men.
The most common method for learning to read is through formal schooling, which begins when children reach 6 or 7 years old. In Ghana, more than 90 percent of children attend school until they are 14 years old.
Schooling is compulsory by law for all Ghanaians between the ages of 5 and 16. Those who do not attend school can be punished with prison sentences.
After primary school, students have the choice to continue their education at secondary school or vocational training. Only 10 percent of Ghana's population is made up of teachers, so there is a high demand for professionals with expertise in mathematics, science, language skills, and technology. These jobs often pay well, provide excellent opportunities for advancement, and can travel abroad to study or perform work.
The majority of teachers are female, and they too can be found in all walks of life. They can be factory workers, clerks, mechanics, or farmers; there are no restrictions on what career paths might lead someone to becoming a teacher.
Mali's literacy rate in 2018 was 35.47 percent, up 2.4 percent from 2015. Mali's literacy rate in 2015 was 33.07 percent, up 2.45 percent from 2011. The gender gap in literacy rates has been narrowing since 2005, when it was 19 percentage points. In 2008, it was 12 percentage points. In 2015, it was 3 percentage points.
Mali's reading ability score in PISA showed significant improvement between 2000 and 2015, but it has declined since then. In fact, Mali's ranking has dropped from 63rd in 2000 to 141st in 2015.
Around 21 percent of Malians cannot read. This is higher than the global average of 15 percent.
There are several factors that may be preventing individuals with disabilities in Mali from getting access to education. Disability discrimination is illegal in Mali under article 14 of its constitution, which states that everyone has the right to equal treatment and equal opportunities regardless of disability. However, there have been reports of this violation being committed against people with physical and mental disabilities.
People with disabilities are often excluded from school enrollment decisions because of cultural beliefs about the inferiority of those with disabilities. Families also sometimes reject proposals to enroll their children in school because of financial constraints or lack of awareness about the benefits of educating people with disabilities.
70% The adult literacy rate is the percentage of adults aged 15 and up who can read and write a brief, straightforward statement about their daily lives. The literacy rate in Madagascar in 2018 was 74.80 percent, a 3.23 percent rise from 2012.
Madagascar's literacy rate has increased since its lowest point in 1995, when it was 46.90 percent. This increase is similar to that of other middle-income countries.
Of those able to read, almost all (96%) can read at least one language. These are primarily French, Malagasy, and native languages such as Antaloa and Tamatave.
There are three main factors that influence literacy rates: education level of parents, gender equality, and poverty. Countries with more educated parents have higher literacy rates. Gender equality appears to be linked with lower rates of illiteracy. Poor countries with high percentages of children going to school but then dropping out cannot afford to invest in educating their workers.
In Madagascar, women play an important role in literacy rates because they are often responsible for bringing up families while their husbands go to work. If wives do not receive any form of formal education, then it follows that their marriage prospects will be limited. This would therefore discourage many men from marrying or taking on partners who are unable to read and write.
The literacy rate in Nigeria in 2018 was 62.02 percent, a 10.94 percent rise from 2008. Men were significantly more likely than women to be able to read. Among those aged 15-24, 82.88 percent were considered literate, while 77.06 percent of those aged 35-44 could read. No significant difference was found between urban and rural areas.
The figure shows that adult literacy is rising but there is still much work to be done. Women remain less likely to be able to read than men, and there are regional differences - with the highest rates being in the north where more than 90 percent of people can read.
These trends have not changed much in recent years. In 2016, the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance gave Nigeria an adult literacy rate of 42.8 percent, saying it was one of the lowest rates in the world. At that time, it was reported that fewer than 2 million people out of 51 million were able to read.
Since then, the number of people who can read has increased thanks to a large-scale effort by non-governmental organizations that have gone to remote areas to teach people how to read and write. But the overall level of literacy remains low.