The literature review is often written in the shape of a regular essay, with three parts: an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. It is not a list like an annotated bibliography, where each source's summary is listed one by one. Instead, it is a general overview of the topic that explains how and why previous research has contributed to our understanding of it.
In academic writing, the introduction should give the reader a clear idea of what the paper will be about. This may include explaining the significance of the problem, or the role of the author. The introduction should also include a statement of the main question(s) the paper will try to answer. Finally, the introduction should provide sufficient information for the reader to decide if the paper is one they want to read further.
The body of the paper deals with evidence from different sources to explain their relationship with respect to the topic under discussion. This part should clearly show what has been discovered so far, and how these discoveries are relevant to the original question. The paper may also include examples from real studies to help readers understand its concepts more easily. Finally, the body of the paper should contain a summary of the findings at the end, which answers the original question and includes a mention of any additional questions this study may have raised.
The conclusion restates the main finding(s) of the paper and discusses possible future directions for research.
A literature review should be formatted similarly to an essay, with an introduction, a middle or major body, and a conclusion. The introduction should state the question being addressed by the review, as well as the relevant facts and theories on which the study will be based. The middle body should include a discussion of studies that address the question, with comparisons drawn where appropriate. The conclusion should restate the main point being made by the review, as well as any implications for future research.
Review articles are often used to disseminate new findings within the scientific community, so they too must include discussions other studies that use different methodologies or focus on different aspects of the topic under investigation. Authors should not refer directly to their own work but rather outline previous efforts that help others understand its significance. Finally, reviews can also serve as a guide for future researchers; thus, the conclusions should include suggestions for further investigation.
Review articles are written for scientists who want to learn more about a specific subject. As such, they include a detailed explanation of the key findings from all available research studies on the topic. This allows readers to see what has been discovered so far, and to understand how current studies relate to one another. It also helps them judge the value of new investigations by comparing them with earlier work.
Literature reviews, like other academic papers, must include at least three fundamental elements: an introduction or background information part; the body of the review with a discussion of sources; and, lastly, a conclusion and/or suggestions section to conclude the study. In addition, literature reviews may require additional sections for specific topics covered within the review.
In general, literature reviews are written by librarians or educators who have completed a doctoral degree in library science or education and have demonstrated expertise in conducting research. They will usually be assigned to work on a specific project or plan with guidance from their supervisor. The purpose of a literature review is to identify and evaluate the existing scientific evidence that pertains to a particular topic. It is important to note that a literature review does not necessarily imply that new studies should be conducted - rather, it is used to identify what existing studies there are so that they can be taken into account when writing or reviewing articles.
A literature review begins with a question or issue that needs to be addressed by the researcher. This question might be based on actual events or problems that the reviewer has encountered in his or her daily work life or might be a hypothetical situation designed to test out ideas. For example, an educator could use literature reviews as a way to find out how other people have solved similar problems in the past.
Think about the organization. Background information parts often start with a short summary of previous research on your topic.
Now, think about what makes a good review. A good review is one that answers questions about the study's validity and uses appropriate methods to do so. In other words, you should be able to ask yourself "Does this review make sense?" and "Is it reliable?". If it can't stand on its own merit, then why should I read more of its work?
In addition, a good review is informative. It provides enough detail for others to replicate the study or use it as a basis for their own work. For example, if you were reviewing previous research on using video games to treat addiction, then you would want to know which games were tested on which populations. You would also need to know how they conducted the studies (e.g., questionnaires, interviews) and whether the results were consistent across samples/countries/etc.
As you can see, a good review is quite extensive. All academic papers include some form of analysis but a good review goes beyond simply describing the findings of another's work.
Literature reviews, in general, are constructed similarly to ordinary essays, with an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. Subheadings are frequently used inside the body. They can be used to divide an essay into different sections or topics, such as advantages and disadvantages of using literature reviews as evidence, introduction to the literature review, literature review itself, discussion of the literature, recommendations for future research.
Subheadings can also be used to organize and highlight important aspects of the literature. For example, a reviewer might choose to give each article they study a single sentence summary then further subdivide those articles based on their findings. This type of organization is known as "tagging" and can help reviewers identify relevant studies that may otherwise get lost in a large collection of material.
The use of subheadings in literature reviews is common practice among academic journal editors who need to differentiate issues within their journals to ensure that only relevant papers are published.
The opening should: describe your topic and set the stage for evaluating the literature; Determine your reasons (i.e., your point of view) for conducting the review; explain how other studies have addressed similar issues; identify relevant theories or models that have been applied to the field of study; discuss any limitations of previous research; and propose alternatives to existing practices.
The middle body should include two parts: first, a comprehensive list of all relevant articles, including at least one citation for each article; second, a brief summary of each article's significance for understanding your topic.
The conclusion restates your main idea and discusses implications for future research or practice.
An effective literature review not only outlines these components but also meets the following criteria: establishes the need for the review by identifying gaps in knowledge about your topic; searches multiple data sources for relevant studies; uses specific and relevant search terms to find more than just large-scale studies; evaluates the quality of included articles; and provides a systematic approach to selecting and analyzing studies.
These are only the basic guidelines for writing a successful literature review. You may want to include additional elements as needed for your particular paper.
Literature reviews can be used to examine topics in depth unavailable from primary sources.