A claim is a statement that the author wishes the reader to believe to be true. A claim can be contested (debatable). To put it another way, the reader may disagree with the author. You just finished 15 terms of study! You must be tired of hearing about taxes, government, politics, and history. You want to learn more about science and mathematics.
Science has many different subjects within its scope. Mathematics is part of science. So is physics. Biology is part of science. Even social studies are considered scientific disciplines because they involve research on humans and societies. The point is that science is all around us and into which field we choose to focus our attention depends on what interests us most. History is full of claims made by historians about events that have been proven false over time. However, even historical facts can help us understand how people thought about certain issues back then so they can be used as guideposts for how people should think about those issues today.
Argumentative essays include claims in their texts. In an argumentative essay, the writer gives his or her opinion on the topic and explains why he or she believes as does. The writer might also give examples from history to support his or her argument. Finally, the writer ends with a call-to-action: suggesting a solution or proposing a debate topic.
Often, argumentative essays require you to make a claim yourself.
A claim in literature is a statement that declares something to be true. A claim might be either factual or judicial in nature. Claims can be used alone or in combination with others to construct a wider argument. In an essay, a claim should be clearly identified as such.
Some examples of claims you may have read or heard in newspapers and magazines include "Marriage is between a man and a woman", "Freedom of speech protects even words", and "Shakespeare was born in April". All of these statements are called claims because they declare or imply that something is true about marriage, freedom of speech, or Shakespeare. They are all simple claims though some are more specific than others. "Marriage is between a man and a woman" is a factual claim; it's saying that marriage consists of one man and one woman. "Freedom of speech protects even words" is a legal claim; it says that freedom of speech includes the right to say anything whether other people like it or not. "Shakespeare was born in April" is a judicial claim; it's saying that the date of Shakespeare's birth can be accurately calculated using the method described by Francis Bacon.
In academic writing, claims often appear in abstracts or introductions to essays or articles. For example, a writer might state at the beginning of an article that violence is wrong without explaining why in detail.
Definition of a Claim A claim is a statement that is inherently debatable yet is used as the main point to support or establish an argument. Making a claim is when someone makes an argument to defend their stance. Various explanations are often offered to demonstrate why a particular claim should be recognized as logical. For example, someone might claim that two things are equivalent because they see them as such or because science has proven that they are so.
Making a claim doesn't necessarily imply that you are trying to convince others to agree with you. It can also be done simply to inform others of your position on an issue. For example, if I were to make a claim that people should not eat meat because it is cruel, that would be a claim I'm making even though I don't want anyone else to think differently about meat-eating. Claims can also be made without intending to argue for them. For example, someone might simply state their opinion about something and leave it at that; they have made a claim even though they weren't arguing for it.
Claims can be classified into two categories: substantive and procedural. Substantive claims deal with facts or principles while procedural claims focus on laws or other practices. For example, one could make the claim that ice cream is better than milk by stating a factual matter but one could not make a procedural claim by saying that restaurants should serve only ice cream instead of both ice cream and milk because that would violate some law or rule.