When utilizing MLA format, order your works referenced by the authors' last names (or editors). If there is no author or editor for a work, alphabetize by the first word of the title that is not a, an, or the. For example, if the only word in the title that is not a proper name is "such as", list it under T.S. Eliot even though he wrote more than one work titled The Waste Land.
Here are some other examples: John Adams's Letter Writing Academy should be listed under A. John Adams because all the other letters were written by others. James Madison's Papers should be listed under J.E.D. Cohen because they are collected and edited by someone else. Barack Obama's Letters to Young Barack should be listed under B. Obama because none of the other letters were written to anyone else.
A works cited list in MLA format is often organized in alphabetical order by author, with the author's surname coming before the given name or initials. However, there are many variations on this theme, and instructors should use their discretion based on the style of their books/journals.
The basic form for a works cited list includes the work title, publisher, location (if applicable), and date published. Additional information can be included such as an abstract for a journal article or a brief description for books. Care must be taken not to repeat material in the text that already has been referenced.
In addition to the basic works cited list, instructors may want to include other forms of documentation such as doctoral dissertations or academic articles that provide further information about the source.
Academic journals are usually listed in alphabetic order by author. If an instructor wishes to cite multiple articles by the same author, they should be listed under separate entries for each article.
Book titles are usually provided with only one citation formality. For example, "The Ultimate Guide to Writing Research Papers" would be cited as "Ulti-mate Guide".
The following information is frequently included in the MLA citation format, in this order: author's last name, first name, title of source," title of container, additional contributors, version, numbers, publisher, publication date, location. These elements are separated by commas.
An example of an MLA citation could be: Smith, Jane, The American Civil War: A Documentary History, 1864-1865, Volume 1, The Army Before Richmond, New York University Press, 2003. This would be cited as: Smith, Jane, et al., eds. , The American Civil War: A Documentary History (New York: Oxford University Press, 2003), vol. 1, pp. 7-8.
In addition to the common elements found in most citations, each document within an anthology or collection should be listed separately with its own unique citation. For example, an essay by John Stuart Mill called "A Few Words on Non-Intervention" would be cited using the following text: Mill, John Stuart, "A Few Words on Non-Intervention," in Robert E. Lively, ed. , The American Civil War: A Documentary History (Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2008), pp. 183-184.
It is important to note that editors and publishers may change the sequence of elements within a citation if they so desire.
In general, books referenced listings are alphabetized by the author's surname. If the author is unknown, the entries are sorted alphabetically by the first word in their titles (note, however, to drop A, An, or The). Italicizes the titles of books, magazines, newspapers, and films. For example: _The Brothers Karamazov_ by Fyodor Dostoyevsky.
Bibliographies can be categorized as reference lists, bibliography pages, or both. A reference list is a listing of books used as sources. These may include articles, chapters in books, reviews, or abstracts in journals. The list usually includes only one title per source, but sometimes more than one is listed if they relate to different aspects of the topic under discussion or if one is particularly important or useful for further reading. Reference lists are typically found at the end of books or articles, but they may also appear at the beginning or between other material. They provide readers with information about other sources that may be helpful for their research.
A bibliography is a list of all the publications that were consulted in preparing a piece of work. This could be an article, essay, book, record, film, or whatever else is needed. Bibliographies are often included at the end of articles or books, but they can also be placed elsewhere if desired. They provide information about other sources that may be helpful for readers to understand or explore topics further.
For MLA format, you will need (not in this sequence) the author's name, date of publication, publisher, and book ID. For example, Michael Crichton published Jurassic Park in 1990 with Harper Collins. To make sure you include all the information required by the style guide, read through your work quickly after writing it. If you omit any of the elements, you can go back and add them later.
Book titles should be treated like names. If you have problems remembering what you wrote last week or last year, looking it up in a dictionary may help. After you look up the word, put a question mark at the end of it to indicate that you cannot remember how you spelled it. This does not mean that you misspelled it. It is more likely that you simply can't recall what method you used.
Words that start with capital letters are important words. They are called "captial" letters because they are the first letter of a sentence. All proper nouns are capitalized, which means that they are words naming people or places. Examples are United States, Canada, and Iraq. So March 5th would be written on five separate lines as "March 05".
An MLA book citation usually contains the author(s), title (italicized), publisher, and publication year in the list of works referenced... I'm quoting a book chapter.
|Format||Author last name, First name. “Title of Chapter or Work.” Book Title, edited by Editor name, Publisher, Year, pp. Page range.|
|In-text citation||(Smith 101)|
MLA Formatting Instructions
The works cited page(s) should look like this, according to MLA format guidelines: Running head with your surname and page number The title "Works Cited" is in plain text and is centered. A list of sources organized alphabetically by the author's surname appears below it. Each source should include the author's last name, the title of the work or article, and its publication information (i.e., year published, volume number if applicable, place published). Sources can be printed or typed. In-text citations are not required but are recommended for better readability. Examples: Smith, Jane E. 1998. My First Book. New York: McGraw-Hill. Weaver, Bonnie J. 1992. Women's Studies: An Introduction. Menlo Park, CA: Cummings Publishing.
Citations within the text of your paper should appear at the end of sentences or as footnotes. Use endnotes instead of citations for descriptions of people, places, events, or concepts. Endnotes are more flexible than citations, so they can be placed in any order, even after other references have been made. They can also be edited or removed later without affecting the main body of the paper.
In addition to accurate in-text citations, proper attribution is necessary for any work that you use in your own writing or research. This includes articles, books, websites, images, and even musical pieces.