Despite the APA style handbook, level 1 headings are usually used as centered upper- and lower-case headers, but they are commonly placed in all capitals in these. Level 2: seldom used (only when 4 or 5 levels are required), centered, italicized, upper- and lower-case headers.
The most common use for level 1 headings is to provide a general overview of the section. These should be concise and highlight the key ideas. They should not include detailed explanations or discussions.
Level 2 headings are more specific and can be used to break up sections or subsections. These should be brief and only cover the topic at hand. If possible, only use 3-4 words per line. Longer sentences and paragraphs are better saved for later chapters or sections.
There are 6 levels of headings available in the APA style handbook.
Levels 1 through 3 are used frequently while levels 4 and 5 are rarely needed.
Levels 1 and 2 headings are used for introductory material that applies to the whole chapter or section. Levels 3 and 4 can be used to further divide a chapter into subchapters or subsections. Level 5 headings are reserved for highly specialized topics or examples that do not fit elsewhere.
See what resources are available for your course or library using the College Board Course Companion.
Regardless, always start with level one headlines and work your way up to level two, and so on. Headings
|3||Flush Left, Boldface Italic, Title Case Heading Text starts a new paragraph.|
|4||Indented, Boldface Title Case Heading Ending With a Period. Paragraph text continues on the same line as the same paragraph.|
Headings help the reader understand your reasoning and structure by providing a hierarchy of parts in the document. Title cases are used at all heading levels in APA 7. The initial letters of words with four or more letters are capitalized in title case, while all other letters are left lowercase....
|1||Centered, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Headings|
|2||Flush left, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Heading|
|3||Indented, boldface, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period.|
From your title, which is a first-level heading, through fifth-level headings, the following includes summaries and examples of all of the headings in APA. Your title should appear as a first-level header. It is centered, in strong font, and all key words are capitalized. Additional text follows below the title.
Your title should be concise and specific. If possible, it should tell readers what they will find in your essay or article. Avoid using titles that give too much information about the content; this prevents readers from deciding for themselves what the essay or article is about. Always proofread your work before submitting it. Errors in grammar or style make even good essays or articles hard to read.
Titles can be used to guide readers through an article or essay. The goal is to catch their attention and get them interested in the material. Using interesting titles can help attract readers who might otherwise skip over your piece. However, writing catchy titles is difficult. For example, "The Color Red Enhances Human Vision" has several problems with its construction. First, it is not clear whether "color" refers to physical colors or to emotional ones. Second, it is ambiguous as to what type of vision is being referred to. Third, the word "enhances" does not provide much guidance as to how color affects vision. A better title for the same essay would be "The Color Red Can Improve Visual Perception."
There are four levels of APA headings: Additional APA headings guidelines
There are five levels of heading in APA Style. Level 1 is the most important or highest level of heading. Level 2 is a subsection of Level 1, and so on through Levels 4 and 5. Level 3 headings are used to provide a short title for a section of text or for an individual entry under a topic category.
Levels 1 through 5 should be typed or printed in boldface type.
The first word or phrase on a page of text requires a main heading; all other words or phrases within the body of the text require subheadings. Even if you think your document contains only one subject, it usually benefits from having several headings. Use the main heading to organize material into distinct sections.
Use the subheading to identify specific topics within the overall subject of the paper. For example, in a research paper, there might be a main heading called "Methods" with subsections for describing specific methods used by researchers to analyze data, such as quantitative analysis or case studies. The paper's content then can be organized into these sections.
In addition to categories based on subject matter, some authors divide their papers into separate sections based on who is speaking. For example, in a speech given at a conference, each speaker would have an opportunity to make a main point followed by one or more remarks.