What is the distinction between research paper results, discussion, and conclusions? The outcomes are the empirical findings of your study approach. Discussion: an explanation or interpretation of your previous results or conclusions, such as why these associations are inconsequential, weak, or powerful. Conclusions: a summary statement about the significance of your findings for theory or practice.
Specifically, the results section reports the data that came out of your statistical analysis. The discussion explores how those results fit into what is known about similar topics and the implications they may have for future research or practice. The conclusion restates your main findings and explains their importance for theory or practice.
All scientific papers must include both the results from your study and the discussion of possible explanations for those results as well as suggestions for future research. However, some studies are written in such a way that they can be understood without reading beyond the first few sentences of the text. These studies are said to be accessible. Most accessible studies still contain a discussion of important issues related to their results.
How to Compose a Findings Report
The results part contains a summary of the key study findings, whereas the discussion section interprets the results for readers and discusses the implications of the findings. These two sections are usually written by different people.
Key findings can be summarized in a table. The table should include all relevant information about the study findings such as study population, statistical tests performed, p-values from these tests, effect sizes where available, etc. Avoid including information that is not essential for interpreting the study results.
Discussion sections should take into account potential limitations of the study as well as implications of the findings for future research. Discuss differences in study results with previous studies if they exist. Also discuss differences in your study results with what would be expected to occur based on other studies' findings.
Finally, discussion sections should also include suggestions for future research directions. Such suggestions may include questions for researchers to answer or experiments for researchers to conduct.
References should be cited using full names and abbreviations whenever possible. If an article does not have a corresponding author, then there should be no reference to this fact within the text of the paper. References should be listed at the end of the paper in alphabetical order by first name of the last author.
The term "results" simply refers to your findings. The results portion of a scientific article or lecture is only for describing your findings, not interpreting or evaluating them. If you discovered a significant link between two variables (phosphorus and land usage, for example), put it in your results. Other scientists will then be able to evaluate your findings and further research on this topic.
Findings are what you actually see or do when you explore a topic in science. Your findings may help explain other things about the world around us. For example, if you were studying plants and found that they need phosphorus to grow, you could then write an article about how humans can help plants by using up excess phosphorus in fertilizers. In this case, the finding was that plants need phosphorus to grow, and the conclusion was that humans can help plants by using up excess phosphorus in fertilizers.
Results and findings are two different things. Results are the conclusions that you have made from your studies; findings are the facts that support your conclusions.
The outcomes section of your research paper is where you report your study's conclusions based on the data acquired as a consequence of the technique [or methods] you used. The results section should simply present the facts, without prejudice or interpretation, and should be organized logically. Start by stating the main conclusion(s) and then list the supporting evidence for these conclusions.
In addition to presenting the findings of your study, the results section should also include any other information that will help readers understand the significance of your study's results. For example, if one aim of your study was to determine whether computer users tend to wear glasses more often than non-users, you would report the following in the results section: "Results showed that there was no significant difference between the two groups with respect to the frequency with which they wore their glasses (p=0.06)." Here, we are reporting both the main conclusion of the study (no significant difference between users and non-users of computers was found) as well as additional information relevant to interpreting those results (in this case, that both groups tended to wear their glasses fairly frequently).
Finally, the results section should not contain any material in citation form until all the information necessary for these citations has been reported.
The results section should endeavor to recount the findings without attempting to analyze or assess them, as well as offer a direction to the research paper's discussion part. The findings are provided, and the analysis is revealed. The writer outlines what was done with the data discovered in the analysis section.
Analysis involves determining what evidence is available, evaluating its quality, and making conclusions about the evidence itself. Analysis also includes determining how much evidence there is for and against each conclusion. Finally, analysis entails testing assumptions or hypotheses about the evidence. If they cannot be tested, then these assumptions or hypotheses must be stated explicitly. Analysis is an essential component in research papers because it allows the writer to summarize and interpret their findings.
Analysis is different from evaluation. Evaluation is a judgment that can only be made after considering all the evidence that exists for or against a particular claim or assertion. For example, if a researcher claims that women have been underrepresented in science because they tend not to pursue careers in science, she would be performing an analysis rather than an evaluation. Analysis requires looking at more than one piece of evidence before coming to a conclusion; evaluation depends on seeing whether evidence supports a claim even though it may not be the only piece of evidence considered.
The important results are unrolled and their significance are explained in the discussion. Include fresh questions and viewpoints, as well as descriptions of the most fascinating points for the entire area. Define the possible responses and write out why, how, and what you believe they are. Is a synopsis of the debate of the entire text > span >
A summary is a brief description or overview of a topic or story; it can also be referred to as a digest. In academic writing, especially in essays and research papers, a summary often serves as a guide to what will follow later in the essay or paper. The goal of a summary is to explain the main ideas or findings of a piece of work in a concise and compelling way.
Examples of summary paragraphs include: "In conclusion, Martin Luther King Jr. argued that America's moral compass pointed toward equality and freedom." "This analysis shows that... in order to improve sales, retailers should focus on customer service."
Summary sentences are simply sentences that contain both a subject and a verb. These sentences are easy to confuse with conclusions, but they are not the same as a conclusion. A conclusion states an opinion or judgment about something, while a summary sentence just lists facts or information about something.