When used in this manner, quote marks can also emphasize that a term is being used in an unusual way—a writer may want to express sarcasm, inaccuracy, or skepticism, for example. Scare quotes are what they're termed when used in this manner. They are used to indicate that something is not be taken seriously, or could even be considered offensive.
They often appear in opinion pieces, where the writer wants to suggest that their views are not serious ones - George Orwell's essay "Politics and the English Language" includes discussion of the use of scare quotes as a political tool. In fiction, characters sometimes use scare quotes to indicate that something is said with neither conviction nor sincerity.
In academic writing, the use of scare quotes is called hyperbole. It is a very common device in journalism, too; for example, it is commonly used to indicate a joke or irony statement.
In general usage, if you see someone using scare quotes, this means that they are quoting someone else (or themselves) and adding some level of skepticism or humor.
The primary use of quotation marks, as the name implies, is to quote someone else's words. Because a quotation is when you utilize someone's precise words, you shouldn't use quotation marks if you're only paraphrasing or summarizing what they said. For example, if I were to write "John said 'good morning' and then walked out of the room," anyone reading this would know that I was quoting John when he said these words, rather than expressing my own view on the matter.
They also have other uses, such as to indicate quotations from unknown sources, to mark off quoted material, and as a general rule of style. The final reason we need to be careful with quotation marks is that using them incorrectly can lead readers astray as well. If I wrote "It is not necessary to use quotation marks to identify quotes because their source is clear from the context," I would be wrong. Even though I had cited several pieces of literature, if people thought I was referring to something said by George Washington when in fact I was talking about John Quincy Adams, they would be led down the path of believing that Adams said things similar to what I had written. This is because I had failed to use proper attribution, which is why I included the phrase "as George Washington himself once said..." in order to make it clear that I was indeed referring to one of our first presidents.
The quote marks represent an exact reproduction of the words of a speaker, and the information has not been edited in any way by the reporter or editor. For example, if it were said that John Smith liked apples, the story would report this fact with no additional information included. If, however, John Smith was to say something like "Grape apples are my favorite" then the story would include this information as well.
Quotes can also be used in interviews. For example, if I asked you what your favorite color is, and you replied red, then I could say that you like red too. However, if I continued on to ask you why your favorite color is red, you could choose to answer me or not.
A quote from a book, movie, or other form of media can be cited directly by writing the page number followed by "quot." (Example: "1+1=3 quoth Nikola Tesla"). Alternatively, an abbreviation that when put in quotes will tell the reader that they are referring to a real person: "WWI: World War I".
Finally, a quote can be attributed to someone indirectly, such as when reporting the opinion of someone who did not speak for themselves.
The fundamental purpose of quote marks is to distinguish and express the precise phrase (spoken or written) that has originated from someone else. In fiction and poetry, the quote mark is also used to denote speaking activities. For example, when someone speaks into a tape recorder, they are usually quoted on paper, otherwise known as "voice-over."
In journalism and books with a literary quality, the quote mark is essential to accurately reproduce the spoken word or written text. Without them, one would be unable to distinguish the words of others. For example, if you were to read a newspaper article about a famous speaker without knowing it, there would be a good chance that you would believe that he or she had said something similar to "I think that we should stop using gasoline engines." However, because the quote marks indicate that this is not what was actually said, but instead it was said by some other person, you realize that the famous speaker did not say this.
In general usage, quotation marks are required whenever writing about someone else's speech or text. Authors often omit them when quoting their own thoughts or ideas, but only when those thoughts or ideas are expressed in ordinary language, which means that they can be understood by anyone who reads or hears them. For example, if I were to write "This is my idea for a new book," those words would be interpreted as coming from me.
Quotation marks are used to denote portions of a text, such as chapter titles, magazine articles, poetry, and short tales. Let's go through these guidelines in depth so you know how to do it in the future while you're writing. For the names of novels, plays, and other works of art, italics and quotation marks are utilized. In general, for quoted material you should use double quotes ("""), but if the quote is within another quote, then single quotes are acceptable too ("'").
In general, when referencing a specific line of text within your work, you should include the line number within your quotation. If the line number will not be known until after your work has been published, however, you may omit this information.
Omitting the line number is acceptable as long as you make sure that your readers understand which line of the work you are referring to. If your reader cannot figure out what line you are talking about, they may think that something else on the page is the one you are commenting on!
Generally speaking, if the quotation is part of the story or argument, you should not mark it off from the rest of the sentence. Instead, end the sentence with the quotation sign: ""They said," she replied.
This is because punctuation helps the reader navigate through your work more easily. Without punctuation, someone reading Your Name's Work would have no idea where Her Reply came in relation to They Said.