Ragnarok Ragnarok, which means "Doom of the Gods" in Old Norse, is the end of the world of gods and mortals in Scandinavian mythology. Only the Icelandic poetry Voluspa ("Sibyl's Prophecy"), presumably from the late 10th century, and the 13th-century Prose Edda of Snorri Sturluson (d. 1241) mention it. These sources say that after the world ends, Óðinn and Þóra will marry and have children who will save humanity.
In fact, there are several other endings to the world found in ancient myths: The Fall of Icarus killed him, but also made a new world for him to live in; Atlantis was destroyed by an earthquake and a big sea monster; Daedalus created a labyrinth for King Minos to lose his son Sysiphus; the Roman god Jupiter destroyed all life with a plague; and in Islam, Jesus will return before the end of time to save mankind. In each case, someone or something good will survive the disaster to start over again.
The idea of a world ending could be good or bad depending on your perspective. If you're living in fear of what might happen, a global apocalypse can give you hope of a new beginning. But if you're part of the problem, then the end of the world would only serve to eliminate your influence completely.
In Norse mythology, Ragnarok will occur at the end of days.
Ragnarok, according to the Vikings, happens after three frigid winters with no summers in between. The world, according to experts at the Jorvik Viking Centre, will end on February 22, to coincide with the grand conclusion of the 30th Jorvik Viking Festival. According to Norse mythology, Ragnarok will occur when Odin, the king of the gods, learns that his sons, Thor and Loki, are planning to kill each other. Filled with rage, he will cast them all into hell. But before this can happen, Loki will turn himself into a worm and crawl under Odin's feet. From there, he will be able to see everything that happens in heaven and earth.
The centre's chief archaeologist, Susan Fairweather, said archaeologists had found evidence of past earthquakes and floods that supported the idea that climate change could trigger the apocalypse. "We know from historical sources that these events were very frightening indeed, so it's not surprising that they made an impression on the Vikings," she said.
After the winter solstice, sunlight will begin to return until finally, in June, it is 24 hours per day. But even though it is now possible to go outside without wearing a coat, lightning storms and cold temperatures are again expected to be common occurrences.
As for Ragnarök, it is not clear what role, if any, Odin will play in its outcome.
The Norse Gods are legendary figures from stories told by Northern Germanic tribes in the ninth century AD. Until the 11th–18th century, when the Eddas and other medieval books were composed, these stories were passed down in the form of poetry. The actual date when the myths began is unknown; however, it was probably before the Viking age.
The Norse end time came after a great war between the gods and humans. At the end of this war, Odin, who had not taken part in the battle, died. With Odin's death, the power of the gods was lost and the world entered into an eternal night with only the moon to light the way.
How long did the Norse believe in their end time? It depends on which story you listen to. Some say that it was only for one day, while others say that it lasted for a thousand years.
After the eternal night ended, people once again started to work the land and build things. In time, humanity grew strong enough to fight against the return of the gods, but not strong enough to defeat them. So the battle continues today as we try to outsmart our enemies at their own game.
Norse Mythology's Origins The Norse Gods are legendary figures from stories told by Northern Germanic tribes in the ninth century AD. The poems that now make up the majority of what we know about the Norse gods came from three sources: the Poetic Edda, the Prose Edda, and later manuscripts.
The earliest evidence for the existence of these myths comes from two different places: runes and legends. Runes are early writing systems used by some Germanic peoples in Europe and Asia. They were first used to write words, phrases, or abbreviations on objects such as spears and knives. Later, they were also used to write instructions for making tools with patterns carved into the metal. A few runestones are still in existence today and can be found in countries including Sweden, Norway, and Finland. These stones often have inscriptions in old Nordic languages which have been interpreted by scholars who study runic symbols. This practice led to the discovery that many of the myths told about the Norse gods existed long before any written records were made available.
Another source which has revealed information about the Norse gods is Viking age legends. During this time, people in Scandinavia and other parts of Europe had an oral tradition about their history and their deities.
In Voluspa, the term gullaldr (meaning "Golden Age") was used to characterize the period following Ragnarok, when the surviving gods and their descendants founded the city of Gimle on the ashes of Asgard. Baldr rules throughout this time.
The phrase has its origin in a poem by the Viking poet Frakkarid.
He described it as a time when "giu baldrs staðir gefna" ("the golden age lies spread out"), which some have interpreted to mean that the world is at its best during this period.
However, it is also possible that he meant nothing more than that there would be plenty to eat and drink during this time, since "baldr" can also mean "plentiful".
In any case, it's clear that the poets of the Vikings believed in such a thing as a golden age, even if they didn't call it that.