Darangen is a Maranao epic poem from the Mindanao area around Lake Lanao. It is composed of 17 cycles of 72,000 lines in iambic or catalectic trochaic tetrameter. Each cycle corresponds to a distinct self-contained tale. The most famous of them is about the deeds of the hero Bantugan. It was first published in 1872 with an English translation by John Crawfurd.
Bantugan is a maranao name meaning "he who has great strength". His story is told through a series of battles with giants, demons, and other monsters. He defeats them all with his bare hands and becomes a legendary hero after his death.
The poem uses many colloquial expressions and grammatical forms not found in modern formal Maranao language. It also contains many archaisms, such as penning poems out of love and refusing to fight someone when you are unarmed.
It is believed that Darangen was originally written in Visayan but there are also theories that it was actually composed in Ilokano. Either way, it is now used as a textbook example of an epic poem.
There are several versions of Darangen. The one included in Crawfurd's translation is different from the others in some details such as the order of the battles and the names of some of the characters.
The Darangen is an old epic ballad that contains a lot of information about the Maranao people who dwell in Mindanao's Lake Lanao area. This is the historic home of the Maranao, one of the Philippines' three major Muslim communities. It tells the story of how Maharajah Datusayna (King David) and his son Rajah Sulaiman (Soliman) fought a series of wars with other kings to gain control of their kingdom. The song also describes the splendors of their courts and the wealth of their possessions.
In the Maranao version of the epic, known as "Kapitan Dulawyna", King David wants to marry his daughter Princess Paitan to Prince Sultan of Brunei. The marriage would end the fighting between their kingdoms and help bring peace to the region. But the prince refuses to marry her because she is a slave. So King David sets out with his army to fight against Prince Sultan but they reach a peaceful agreement and the armies go home. In return for not marrying his daughter, the prince is given control of King David's palace servants and bodyguards.
This ancient poem was probably composed sometime between 1550 and 1750 AD. It is written in Malay and uses classical Arabic vocabulary and syntax. However, it was most likely not written by a Muslim since Islam did not exist in the Philippines at that time.
SUMMARY OF BANTUGAN: In this topic, we will read the whole summary of Bantugan, a Mindanao epic. The epic picks off where Darangan left off, when Prince Madali, now king of Bumbaran, commanded his subjects and people not to speak to Prince Bantugan, prompting him to flee the realm.
Meanwhile, in another part of the country, there lived a poor carpenter named Marikudo who had three sons: Agapito, Candaba and Dimas. One day, while out hunting, he was attacked by a wild boar but managed to kill it. However, before he could cook it, he heard voices coming from inside the boar's stomach. He opened it up only to find three children who had fallen into the belly of the boar. Marikudo took care of them until they grew up and became warriors themselves. One day, their father went out hunting again but this time was never seen again.
When King Madali found out that Prince Bantugan was alive, he sent his officers to capture him but failed miserably. Then one night, there was a big storm with thunder and lightning which scared the horses of the guards so much that they ran away leaving their riders behind. It was then that Prince Bantugan escaped through a hole in the wall.
After many adventures, Prince Bantugan finally met King Madali face to face.
The canon of epic poetry in Philippine literature is known as Philippine epic poetry. Filipino epic poetry is regarded as the pinnacle of Philippine folk literature, containing narratives that recall the exploits of tribal heroes. It has been called "the Shakespeare of the Philippines" because of its dramatic quality and imaginative scope.
Filipino epic poems are usually composed in sajyan (crown) syllabary, a system of writing used by the early indigenous Filipinos before the introduction of Spanish letters. The oldest extant poem in the corpus is Maykapusyas' ang Matibay, written about 1544. It is a narrative poem that describes the life of a tribal hero named Matibay who fights evil magicians. The poem was probably performed for entertainment purposes only, since it does not resolve any conflicts nor provides moral lessons. Contemporary poets continue to produce new works in the genre.
The first documented use of rococo in the Philippines was in 1741 by an Italian priest named Francesco Maria del Rosario. In his Poems Written in the Phillippine Language, he published a collection of poems that included descriptions of nature and historical figures. The poems were written in Latin and were intended for Catholic audiences.