The theme sentence or primary concept of the paragraph is generally a general statement. Birds, for example, are bug controllers. Statements provide context for the topic phrase or major concept. Statement of Specificity: 5 1/2 ounces of insects will be consumed by a 3-ounce newborn bird. Statement of Generalization: Most birds eat bugs.
General statements are often the paragraph's subject sentence or major concept, whereas particular statements are the supporting facts for the topic sentence or main idea. For example, in this passage about George Washington, the general statement is that he was the father of American military strategy, and the particular statements are that he planned the attacks at Trenton and Princeton successfully.
In literary works, such as novels and short stories, sentences can also be called general or specific depending on their role in the text. The opening sentence of E. M. Forster's novel Maurice (1913) is a general sentence because it gives you some insight into the mind-set of its central character, but other important sentences throughout the book are specific because they describe exactly what kind of experience Maurice has on a particular day.
In journalism, too, general sentences are used to give readers a quick overview of a complex issue while specific sentences provide more detail about certain topics within the article. For example, when writing about the latest movie release, one might use both general and specific sentences to explain why this film is expected to be a success or not, respectively.
Finally, in academic essays and papers, general sentences are usually those sentences that make a broad claim about a topic while specific sentences provide examples to back up these claims.
Particular statement: 5 1/2 ounces of insects will be consumed by a 3-ounce newborn bird. Birds consume about double their body weight in food. Therefore, 15 1/2 ounces (500 grams) of insects would be enough to sustain a 3-ounce bird for a week.
In science, statements are used as a tool for organizing and communicating knowledge. For example, scientists write down what they know about some aspect of the world around them in the form of a statement. Other people can then study this statement critically, decide whether it contradicts other statements, and so forth. Science itself depends on the ability to formulate and express scientific ideas accurately and clearly.
Scientific statements should be clear and simple to understand. If you are going to use mathematics in your statement, then it is important to do so properly. For example, if you say that A equals B times C, someone could easily misunderstand this as meaning that A is equal to B times C when in fact it means that A is equal to B plus C. Mathematicians call such errors "ambiguities in notation." It is important to avoid ambiguities in your statements because they can cause problems when you attempt to interpret research results or apply knowledge from one situation to another.
A broad statement, on the other hand, is any declarative sentence that provides further information or transitions to a new topic. While both sentence styles are useful in writing, a document without a thesis statement may be disorganized and lack a clear point. A thesis statement serves to guide writers in organizing their ideas and to help them connect them together coherently.
An abstract is a short summary of a paper's content. Abbreviations and acronyms should not appear in the abstract. If they are necessary for understanding what is being said then include them here. Otherwise, keep them in the body of the paper where they will be easier to find. Using long abbreviations in the abstract makes it difficult for others to read and understand what you're trying to say.
The abstract should be concise but comprehensive. Try to avoid using jargon or academic language in your abstract because others will not understand it. Instead, use plain English so that everyone can follow your arguments.
In conclusion, an abstract is a brief summary of the contents of a paper. It should not exceed 250 words and should be written for someone who has no knowledge of your subject. The abstract page is where researchers describe the purpose of their papers, the participants, methods, findings, and conclusions of their work.